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16 Cards in this Set

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The underground foundation of a plant that anchor the plant and absorb water and minerals. It may also help to transport materials to other parts of the plant and/or store food.
Carrots, beets and turnips have one large root that store food.
Some plants such as a carrot or a dandelion, have one main root that stores food.
Plants such as grasses have a system of branching roots.
fibrous roots
This tissue is made of tubes that carry water and minerals from the soil upward.
xylem tissue
This tissue is made of tubes that carry sugars and other nutrients from the leaves through the stem and down to the root.
phloem tissue
This layer connects the epidermis with the inner core.
This layer of cells covers the root.
These are tiny extensions that take in water and minerals.
root hairs
The tip of the root that pushes the root through the soil
root cap
The part of the plant that connects the root and the leaves. It supports the leaves and flowers and carries water to those parts.
The trunk of a tree is a stem. Stems can be soft/nonwoody or woody.
A plant part in which photosynthesis takes place. It grows out of the stem and is the food making factory of a plant.
In a plant such as cabbage, it is the leaf that people eat.
The broad flat part of a leaf.
Along with petiole, these form the transport system of the leaf.
Water enters the leaf through the veins.
An extension of the xylem and phloem tubes of the stem.
Type of leaves plants such as a pine, a spruce, and a fir have.
needle leaves
The shape of these leaves helps reduce water loss.
Types of leaves plants such as a maple or oak has.
broad leaf