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29 Cards in this Set

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assessment
evaluation or appraisal of a condition
vital signs
temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure
oral temp
in the mouth
aural temp
in the ear
axillary temp
under the arm
rectal temp
in the rectum
hypothermia
abnormally low body temperature
hyperthermia
extremely high fever
pulse
the rhythmic pressure against the walls of an artery caused by the contraction of the heart
respirations (respiratory rate)
the number of complete respirations per minute; a respiration is one inhalation and one exhalation
sphygmomanometer
used to measure blood pressure
systolic
first beat heard
diastolic
last beat heard
pain
subjective symptom; must be determined as reported by the patient
pain verbal rating scale
patient is asked to measure pain on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 being unbearable and 1 being little or none
auscultation
listening through a stethoscope for respiratory, heart, and abdominal sounds within the body
rale (crackle)
an abnormal rattle or crackle-like respiratory sound heard during inspiration (breathing in)
rhonchus (wheezing)
an addd musical sound occurring during inspiration or expiration that is caused by a partially obstructed airway
stridor
an abnormal, high-pitched, harsh or crowing sound heart during inspiration that results from a partial blockage of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea
lubb sound
first sound heard through stethoscope; caused by tricuspid and mitral valves closing between the atria and ventricles
dupp sound
second sound heard through stethoscope; shorter and higher pitched; caused by the closing of the semilunar valves in the aorta and pulmonary arteries as blood is pumped out of the heart
bruit
an abnormal intermittent musical sound heard in auscultation of a vein or artery
heart murmur
a swishing or whistling sound that may be heard in addition to the normal sounds
palpation
an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
opthalmoscope
used to examine the interior of the eye
P.E.R.R.L.A.
an abbreviation meaning Pupils are Equal, Round, Responsive to Light and Accommodation
otoscope
used to visually examine the external ear canal and tympanic membrane
speculum
used to enlarge the opening of any canal or cavity to facilitate inspection of its interior
stethoscope
used to listen to sounds within the body and during measurement of blood pressure