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16 Cards in this Set

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albumin
protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood.
antibody
-protein (immnoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses or other antigens.

-an antibody is specific to an antigen and inactivates it.
antigen
a substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of an antibody.
basophil
granulocytic white blood cell with granules that stain blue when exposed to a basic dye.
billirubin
orange-yellow pigment in bile, formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin when red blood cells die.
coagulation
blood clotting
colony-stimulating factor (CSF)
protein that stimulates the growth and proliferation of white blood cells (granulocytes)
differentiation
change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization.
electrophoresis
method of seperating serum proteins by electrical charge.
eosinophil
granulocytic white blood cells with granules that stain red with the acidic dye eosin; associated with allergic reactions.
erythrocyte
red blood cell; about 5 million per microliter or cubic milimeter.
erythropoietin (EPO)
hormone secreted by the kidneys that stimulates formation of red blood cells.
fibrin
protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot.
fibrinogen
plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process.
globulins
part of blood containing different plasma proteins; immunoglobulins and alpha and beta globulins are examples.
granulocyte
white blood cell with numerous dark-staining granules; eosinophil, neutrophil, and basophil.