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23 Cards in this Set

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MENTAL AGE
THE AGE LEVEL AT WHICH A PERSON PERFORMS MENTALLY OR INTELLECTUALLY; A PERSON'S LEVEL OF PERFORMANCE AS IT CORRESPONDS TO THEIR CHRONOLOGICAL AGE

EX: JOE IS REALLY 8 YEARS OLD, BUT INSTEAD OF PLAYING WITH LEGOS, HE IS MORE INTERESTED AND SMART IN THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE RECENT ELECTION AND THE AGENDA OF THE CANDIDATES
INTELLIGENCE TEST
THE MEASURE OF A PERSON'S MENTAL APTITUDES; ASSIGNED A NUMBER AND THEN COMPARED TO THOSE OF OTHERS
STANDFORD-BINET
WIDELY USED AMERICAN VERSION OF BINET'S ORIGINAL TEST
INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT (IQ)
THE RATIO OF MENTAL AGE TO CHRONOLOGICAL AGE MULTIPLIED BY A 100 (IQ=MA/CAx100)
INTELLIGENCE
THE MENTAL ABILITY TO LEARN FROM EXPERIENCE, SOLVE PROBLEMS AND USE KNOWLEDGE TO ADAPT TO NEW SITUATIONS
FACTOR ANALYSIS
TYPE OF STATISTICAL PROCEDURE THAT IDENTIFIES CLUSTERS OF RELATED ITEMS (FACTORS) ON A TEST; USED TO IDENTIFY DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS OF PERFORMANCE THAT UNDERLIE ONE'S TOTAL SCORE

EX: ON A PSYCH TEST, A FACTOR ANALYSIS CAN BE USED TO SEE WHAT TYPE OF QUESTIONS YOU DID GOOD OR BAD ON. YOU MIGHT HAVE DONE GOOD ON THE CONCEPTUAL QUESTIONS, BUT NOT SO GOOD ON THE FACTUAL QUESTIONS)
GENERAL INTELLIGENCE
SPEARMAN AND OTHERS BELIEVED UNDERLIES SPECIFIC MENTAL ABILITIES AND IS THEREFORE MEASURED BY EVERY TASK ON AN INTELLIGENCE TEST

EX: When you take an intelligence test you get an overall score and several specific scores. The overall score that you received, which is measured by all of the tasks on the test, is considered the representation of your general intelligence
SAVANT SYNDROME
CONDITION IN WHICH A PERSON IS LIMITED IN MENTAL ABILITY BUT EXCELS IN A SPECIFIC SKILL

EX: YOU MIGHT BE REALLY BAD IN MATH, BUT HAVE GREAT TALENT IN DRAWING AND PAINTING.
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
THE ABILITY TO PERCEIVE, EXPRESS, UNDERSTAND AND REGULATE EMOTION
CREATIVITY
THE ABILITY TO PRODUCE NOVEL AND VALUABLE IDEAS
WECHSLER ADULT INTELLIGENCE TEST (WAIS)
CREATED BY DAVID WECHSLER; THE MOST COMMONLY USED TEST THAT MEASURES VERBAL AND NONVERBAL ABILITIES OF TEST
STANDARDIZATION
consistency and objectivity of how tests are administered and scores

ex: john took a math test with a raging thunderstorm outside, while max got to take it in a silent proof room so that's not fair. also, john's correct answers were worth only 1 point while max's were worth 2 points, so it's scored differently which is also not fair.
NORMAL CURVE
A frequency curve where most occurrences take place in the middle of the distribution and taper off on either side.

EX: the average height of a group of 16 year old girls was 5'4" and then the extremes were on either side, with the shortest at 4'11" on the left and the tallest at 6'5" on the right.
REALIABILITY
THE EXTENT TO WHICH A TEST OR OTHER INSTRUMENT IS CONSISTENT IN ITS MEASURES

EX: A 25 POUND WEIGHT PLACED ON A SCALE RESULTS IN A DIFFERENT MEASURE EACH TIME, SO WE CAN'T RELY ON IT BECAUSE IT'S NOT ACCURATE
VALIDITY
THE EXTENT TO WHICH A TEST MEASURES OR PREDICTS WHAT IT IS SUPPOSED TO

EX: A TEST THAT SAYS THAT THE CHANCES OF YOU GETTING CANCER DEPEND ON THE WEIGHT OF YOUR HEAD IS NOT VALID BECAUSE ITS NOT MEASURING WHAT ITS SUPPOSED TO.
CONTENT VALIDITY
REFERS TO HOW WELL A TEST MEASURES THE BEHAVIOR FOR WHICH IT IS INTENDED

EX: A DRIVING TEST WILL MEASURE YOUR ABILITY AT CERTAIN DRIVING TASKS, SO ITS VALID
PREDICTIVE VALIDITY
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEST SCORES AND LATER PERFORMANCE ON A KNOWLEDGE, SKILL OR ABILITY

EX: THE SAT IS SUPPOSED TO HAVE A PREDICTIVE VALIDITY AS IT IS SUPPOSE TO MEASURE HOW ONE WILL PERFORM IN COLLEGE
MENTAL RETARDATION
CONDITION OF LIMITED MENTAL ABILITY WHERE A PERSON SCORES BELOW 70 ON AN INTELLIGENCE TEST; RANGES FROM MILD TO PROFOUND

EX: BOB SCORES A 65 ON INTELLIGENCE TESTS, AND HAS TROUBLE WITH DAILY THINGS SUCH AS TALKING AND EATING AND WALKING
DOWN SYNDROME
A CONDITION OF RETARDATION AND ASSOCIATED PHYSICAL DISORDERS CAUSED BY 3RD CHROMOSOME ON THE 21ST PAIR, SO THEY HAVE AN EXTRA CHROMOSOME.

EX: JOE HAS DOWN SYNDROME, AND HE HAS SMALL EYES, HANDS AND A SHORT NECK AND FINGERS, WHICH ARE HIS PHYSICAL DISORDERS. ALSO, HE HAS TROUBLE WITH THE DAILY TASKS OF THINGS SUCH AS TYING HIS SHOE.
STEREOTYPE THREAT
A SELF CONFIRMING CONCERN THAT ONE WILL BE EVALUATED BASED ON A NEGATIVE STEREOTYPE

EX: IF YOU TELL A WOMAN THAT SHE WON'T DO GOOD ON A MATH TEST BECAUSE SHE'S A WOMAN, THEN HER PERFORMANCE WILL SUFFER.
CRITERION
THE SPECIFIC INFORMATION THAT A TEST IS DESIGNED TO MEASURE

EX: THE SAT'S CRITERION IS TO MEASURE OUR FUTURE PERFORMANCE IN COLLEGE
APTITUDE TEST
Designed to predict learning capacity for a particular area or particular skills

EX: THE SAT PREDICTS HOW MUCH WE'RE CAPABLE OF LEARNING NEW SKILLS REQUIRED FOR COLLEGE
ACHIEVEMENT TEST
A TEST DESIGNED TO ASSESS WHAT A PERSON HAS LEARNED

EX: OUR MIDTERMS TEST US ON ALL THE THINGS WE HAVE LEARNED FIRST SEMESTER IN A SPECIFIC COURSE