Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/50

Click to flip

50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata together make up the ____________________
Brain Stem
The thalamus and the hypo thalamus together make up the ______________________
diencephalon
The three layers of connective tissue enclosing the brain and spinal cord are called __________________
meninges
The outermost layer of meninges is the ________________________
dura matter
The fluid that circulates around the brain and spinal cord is called _______________________
cerebrospinal fluid
The passage connecting the third and fourth ventricles is called the _____________________
cerebral aqueduct
Thw shallow groove on the surface of the brain is called a ________________________
sulcus
An elevation on the surface of the brain is called a _______________________
gyrus
The outter layer of the cerebrum consisting of cell bodies and unmyelinated neurons is the ____________________
cortex
Impulses from the ear travel to the _______________________ lobe
temporal
Impulses travel down the cranial nerve II to the ______________ lobe
occipital
The primary sensory area is found in the _____________________ lobe
parietal
The area of the temporal lobe concerned with interpreting sounds is the ____________________ area
auditory association
Mr L can speak but has difficulty understanding spoken language, suggesting damage to the __________________ area
Wernicke
nearly all sensory impulses travel through the area of the diencephalon called the _______________
thalamus
A sea horse shaped brain region involved in learning and long term memory is the ___________________
hippocampus
The concentration of nuclei regulating sleep, appetite, the autonomic nervous system and many other homeostatic functions is called the ___________________
hypothalamus
The most superior portion of the brain stem is called ____________________
midbrain
The vasomotor and cardiac centers are located in the __________________ of the brain stem
medula oblangata
Cranial nerves V throught VIII originate from the ______________ of the brainstem
pons
The portion of the brain containing the vermis and two lateral hemispheres is the ____________________
cerebellum
The maintenance of muscle tone and the coordination of signals from the motor cortex is the responsibility of the _________________
cerebellum
The machine that measures electric currents generated by neurons is called a _____________________
electroencephalograph
The metabolic activity of the brain is measured by a technique called ___________________
position emission tomography
Smell impulses are carried by the cranial nerve named the __________________
olfactory nerve
The nerves numbered I,II, and __________ contain only sensory fibers
VIII
The production of gastric juices and the activity of the heart are controlle by cranial nerve number _____________
X
Inflammation of the brain is called _______________
encephalitis
Mr J exhibits the symptoms of meningitis. A positive diagnosis requires the extraction of cerebrospinal fluid by a procedure called ___________________
lumbar puncture
The word part that means tongue is _______________
gloss/o
The hippocampus and the reticular formation are part of the
a) limbic system
b) frontal lobe
c) basal nuclei
d) brain stem
a) limbic system
The "little brain" located beneath the posterior part of the cerebral hemispheres is the
a) medulla oblongata
b) cerebellum
c) pons
d) basal nuclei
b) cerebellum
The function of dural sinuses is to
a) manufacture CSF
b) supply blood to the brain
c) drain blood from the brain
d) seperate the pia mater from the arachnoid
c) drain blood from the brain
The layer of meninges that most closely follows the contours of the brain is the
a) pia matter
b) choroid plexus
c) dura matter
d) arachnoid
a) pia matter
CSF flows from the lateral ventricles to the third ventricle via the
a) cerebral aqueduct
b) longitudal fissure
c) foramina
d) insula
c) foramina
The vascular network that forms the CSF is called the
a) ventricles
b) choroid plexus
c) dural sinus
d) arachnoid villi
b) choroid plexus
Which of the following is NOT associated with the ventricles
a) horns
b) choroid plexus
c) arachnoid villi
d) foramina
c) arachnoid villi
A deep groove in the brain is called a
a) sulcus
b) gyrus
c) tract
d) fissure
d) fissure
The central sulcus seperates the
a) frontal and parietal lobes
b) parietal and occipital lobes
c) temporal and occipital lobes
d) temporal and frontal lobes
a) frontal and parietal lobes
The lobe of the cerebrum that lies posterior to the parietal lobe extends over the cerebellum is the
a) temporal lobe
b) frontal lobe
c) occipital lobe
d) insula
c) occipital lobe
The visual area of the cortex is in the
a) midbrain
b) occipital lobe
c) frontal lobe
d) temporal lobe
b) occipital lobe
Difficulty foring words would indicate a injury to the
a) Wernicke area
b) Broca area
c) auditory association area
d) primary sensory cortex
b) broca area
Impulses from the skin are received in the
a) primary motor area of the frontal lobe
b) primal motor area of the parietal lobe
c) primary sensory area of the frontal lobe
d) primary sensory area of the parietal lobe
d) primary sensory area of the parietal lobe
the thalamas forms the wall of the _____________ ventricle
a) right lateral
b) left lateral
c) third
d) fourth
c) third
The autonomic nervous system and the pituitary gland are controlled by the
a) hypthalamus
b) reticular formation
c) cerebellum
d) cerebrum
a) hypothalamus
The midbrain and the medulla oblongata are connected via the
a) pons
b) cerebellum
c) corpus collosum
d) dura matter
a) pons
The part of the brain stem that contains relay centers for the eye and ear reflexes is the
a) pons
b) thalamus
c) medulla oblongata
d) midbrain
d) midbrain
Which of the following is NOT method for studying the brain
a) EEG
b) PET
c) RAS
d) MRI
c) RAS
The oculomotor nerve controls movements of the
a) tongue
b) eye
c) facial muscles
d) jaw
b) eye
Injury to cranial nerve VII would result in
a) trigminal neuralgia
b) hemiplegia of the face
c) a drooping eyelid
d) difficulty moving the tongue
b) hemiplegia of the face