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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is gross anatomy?
The study of structures visible to the unaided eye
What is surface anatomy?
The study of the general form and superficial anatomical markings
What is regional anatomy?
The study of all structures in a specific area of the body
What is systematic anatomy?
The study of the anatomy of one organ system at a time
What is developmental anatomy?
An examination of the changes in form that occur during the period between conception and physical maturity
What is clinical anatomy?
Focuses on anatomical features that may undergo recognizable pathological changes during illness
What is comparative anatomy?
Considers the anatomical organization of different types of animals
What is surgical anatomy?
The study of anatomical landmarks important for surgical procedures
99% of the body is made of?
Hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen
What vital properties and processes do all living organisms share?
Responsiveness, growth and differentiation, reproduction, movement, and metabolism and excretion
What is catabolism?
The breakdown of complex molecules into simple ones
What is anabolism?
The synthesis of complex molecules from simple ones
How many organ systems is the human body composed of?
11
What is metabolism?
All the chemical reactions in the body
What is respiration?
The absorption, transport, and use of oxygen by cells
What is excretion?
The removal of wastes
What is digestion?
The processes of catabolism that makes nutrients small enough to be absorbed
What is superficial anatomy?
The anatomical landmarks and correct directional terms that help in understanding the underlying structures
What is anatomical position?
Standing upright, arms at the sides, palms facing forward, feet flat on the floor, and face straight ahead
What is supine position?
Lying down with the face up
What is prone position?
Lying down with the face down
Anterior?
The front; before
Ventral?
The belly side
Posterior?
The back; behind
Dorsal?
The back
Cranial/cephalic?
Toward the head
Superior?
Above; at a higher level
Caudal?
Toward the tail or coccyx
Inferior?
Below; at a lower level
Medial?
Toward the midline
Lateral?
Away from the midline
Proximal?
Toward an attached base
Distal?
Away from an attached base
Superficial?
At, near, or relatively close to the body surface
Deep?
Toward the interior of the body; farther from the surface
What does the ventral body cavity contain?
Organs of the respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems
What does the thoracic cavity contain?
Right pleural cavity, left pleural cavity, pericardial cavity and the mediastinum
What does the abdominopelvic cavity contain?
Peritoneal cavity, abdominal cavity, and pelvic cavity
What are mesenteries?
Double sheets of peritoneum that provide support and stability while still permitting limited movement