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19 Cards in this Set

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Unlearned reinforcer
-A stimulus, event, or condition that is a reinforcer,
-though not as a result of pairing with another reinforcer
Unlearned aversive condition:
-A stimulus, event, or condition that is aversive,
-though not as a result of pairing with other aversive conditions
Deprivation
-Withholding a reinforcer
-increases relevant learning and performance
Increases relevant learning of what?
The learning of a response reinforced by that reinforcer.
Increases performance of what?
The performance of a response previously reinforced by that reinforcer.
Learning
Deprivation at the time of reinforcement increases the impact the delivery of a single reinforcer has on the subsequent frequency of the reinforced response
Performance
Deprivation at the time to perform that response increases the frequency of that previously reinforced and thus previously learned response
Satiation
-Consuming a substantial amount of reinforcer
-temporarily decreases relevant learning and performance
The Establishing Operation
-A procedure or condition that affects learning and performance
-with respect to a particular reinforcer or aversive condition
Examples of establishing operations
-deprivation
-satiation
-heavy exercise
-high temp
-consumption of salt
What shouldn't you say?
Don't say "knows"
Point of diminishing returns
Further increases in the amount of the reinforcers don't produce much of an increase in the amount of learning
Quality
Quality of a reinforcer can be an important feature in how that reinforcer will affect learning and performance
What don't satiation and deprivation apply to?
Aversive conditions such as electric shock in an escape condition
What are examples of unlearned reinforcers?
Visual change, sound, taste
What are the two types of unlearned reinforcers?
a) Those that directly cause biological benefits
b) Those that indirectly cause biological benefits
What are the two types of unlearned aversive stimuli?
a) Those that directly cause biological harm
b) Those that indirectly cause biological harm
Premack Principle
-If one activity occurs more often than another,
-the opportunity to do the most frequent activity
-will reinforce the less frequent activity
What does the Premack principle talk about instead of reinforcing events?
Reinforcing behavior