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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the three types of a nucleotide?
phosphate group, nitrogen base, and five-carbon sugar molecule
What nitrogen base is Adenine and Guanine?
Purines
What's a promoter?
specific sequence of DNA that acts as a "start" signal for transcrption
What's the difference between the messenger RNA and Transfer RNA?
messenger RNA is an RNA copy of a gene used as a blueprint for a protein. Transfer RNA acts as an interpreter molecule, translating mRNA sequences into amino acids sequences
What do anticoagulents help do?
dissolve blood clots
When were the first attempts made to use genetic engineering to combat genetic orders?
1990
What does glyphosphate kill?
weeds
How many genes did scientist think they were going to find for the Human Genome Project?
100,000
What can a oncogene cause?
if mutated, can cause a cell to become cancerous