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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the process of candidate selection in an electoral system.
one-party constituencies
those areas where one party regularly wins elections.
general elections
the regularly scheduled election at which voters make a final selection of officeholders.
self-announced nominations
the oldest form of the nominating process in American politics. First used in colonial times, it is still often found at the small town and rural levels in many parts of the county. A person who wants to run for office simply announces that fact.
as a nominating device, a group of like-minded people who meet to select the candidates they will support in an upcoming election.
party conventions
the party selects its presidential and vice-presidential candidates
direct primary
an election held within a party to pick that party’s candidates for the general election.
closed primary
a party nominating election in which only declared party members can vote.
open primary
a party-nominating election in which any qualified voter can take part.
blanket primary
a voting process in which voters receive a long ballot containing the name of all contenders, regardless of party, and can vote however they choose.
runoff primary
a primary in which the top two vote-getters in the first direct primary face one another.
nonpartisan elections
elections in which candidates are not identified by party labels.
nomination by petition
nominating method where candidates for public office are nominated by means of petitions signed by a certain required number of qualified voters in the election district.
absentee voting
provisions made for those unable to get to their regular polling places on election day.
early voting
vote by getting a ballot in the mail and sending it in ten days before the election.
coattail effect
– the effect of a strong candidate running for an office at the top of a ballot helping to attract voters to other candidates on the party’s ticket
the smallest unit of election administration; a voting district
polling place
the place where the voters who live in a certain precinct go to vote.
the device voters use to register a choice in an election.
political action committees (PAC)s
the political extension of special-interest groups which have a major stake in public policy.
a grant of money, usually from a government
disclosure requirements
intended to spotlight the place of money in federal campaigns.
hard money
campaign money that is subject to regulations by the FEC.
soft money
money given to State and local party organizations for voting related activities.