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18 Cards in this Set

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What helped the colonies feel more independent toward the mid 1750s
-they didnt respect Br. in the same way that they had prior to the Seven Yrs war
-Lond. was 7000m away so they were spiritually&physically separated de Eng.
-they were accustomed to running their own affairs becuz of salutory neglect
-they began to see themselves as Americans(the 1st settlers saw themselves as British)
-They didnt have the influence of superiors i.e. dukes/princes
what is the Navigation Law of 1650?
It was aimed at Rival dutch shippers and said that commerce going to and from the coloines must be shipped in British vessels.It stated that European ships headed for the colonies must first land in Britain so they could be taxed. These laws were only enforced after the war(1763)
who ordered enforcement of the Navigation laws?
George Grenville
This act put duties on sugar from the West Indies. After the colonists protested the tax was cut in half. What is the name of this act?
The sugar act of 1764
It was passed in 1764
In what year was the quartering act passed?
The Stamp Act angered the Colonists violators could be tried in admiralty courts (guilty until proven innocent), so what actions did they take against it.
The Stamp Act led to the Stamp act Congress of 1765 which drew up a statement of their rights and grievances in New York.
The Stamp Act was repealed but what was passed in its place and what did it mean
The declaratory Act was passed 1 yr after the Stamp Act Congress of 1765 met. The declaratory which said that Britain has the right to bind colonies.
Charles Townshend urging the passing of the Townshend acts in 1767. What did it tax? What was its purpose?
The Townshend Acts taxed tea, glass, white lead, paper and paint. These taxes were used to pay the salaries of the royal governors/judges in America
when did the Boston Massacre occur?
It occured on March 5,1770 and Crispus Attucks was the leader of the fight.
what were the local committees of correspondence/intercolonial committee
they spread propagana about rebellion thru ppl such as Samuel Adams
What were the results of the Boston Tea Party(1773) when the colonists dumped tons of the British East India co. tea into the water?
It led to the Boston Port act (closed Boston Harbor until retribution was paid). The charter of Massachusetts was also revoked. Also, the officials who killed colonists could now be tried in England.
the Quebec Act was passed in 1774. What made it important?
It granted religious toleration to Catholic french Canadians, they were permitted to retain their old customs, it extended French land up to the Ohio River. this made the Americans feel threatened
The First Continental Congress felt respected by Britain
false, Britain paid no mind to the grievances that the colonists came up with. It also came up with a declaration of rights.
What caused the battle at Lexington& Concord and what made it a turning point?
In 1775 the British sent troops to capture Samuel Adams& john hancock and to seize supplies in Lexington& Concord. However, the British lost his fight. the shot that was "heard around the world" was shot here and was a start to the Revolution.
What advantages did Britain have
-they had more ppl--> 7.5mill
-stronger navy
-stronger army of 50,000
-50,000 loyalists
-30,000 Hessians
These were the weaknesses to what country?
-had to divert troops to Ireland
-had to worry about the French
- citizens didnt really want 2 fight
-generals were 2nd rate& the soldiers were badly treated.
-their enemy did not have a single capital that could be captured
Britain...big strengths..big weaknesses
-these weaknesses belonged to whom?
-sectional jealousy
-men deserting to aid their families becuz of increasing inflation
What advantages could the puny Americans have had over Great Britain?
-The puny americans had great leaders
-we had indirect, and later, direct aid from France
-we were fighting defensively
-better marksmen
-we had the moral advantage