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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2 forms of communication besides speech.
o First includes facial expression, personal space, gestures, eye contact, paralanguage, use of time, and conversational silence.
o Second includes the cultural spaces that we occupy and negotiate. Cultural spaces are the social and cultural contexts in which we form our identities, the cultural meanings created from where we are raised.
Proxemics
gestures, eye contact, paralinguistics
paralinguistics
vocal behaviors that indicate how something is said, including speaking rate, volume, pitch, and stress. Study of vocal behaviors includes voice qualities and vocalization.
voice qualities
or tone of voice includes speed, pitch, rhythm, vocal range, and articulation; these qualities make up the “music” of the human voice.
vocalizations
the sounds we utter that do not have the structure of language.
o They include vocal cues such as laughing, crying, whining, and moaning as well as the intensity or volume of one’s speech.
Chronemics
the concepts of time and the rules that govern its use.
- Monochronic
concept of time regards it as a commodity; time can be gained, lost, spent, wasted, or saved. Time is linear, with one event happening at a time. Monochronistic cultures value being punctual, completing tasks, and keeping to schedules.
- Polychromic
time is more holistic, more circular, several events happen at once. Tasks are often accomplished because of personal relationships, not in spite of them.
- Semiotics:
the analysis of the nature of and relationship between signs.
- Semiosis
the process of producing meaning and is constructed through the interpretation of signs.
- Signs
the combination of signifiers and signified.
- Signifiers:
are the culturally constructed arbitrary words or symbols we use to refer to something else, the signified. Ex. Man is the signifier.
- Signified:
anything that is expressed in arbitrary words or signifiers. Ex. Adult male human being is the signified term and the signifier is man.
- Postmodern cultural spaces
places that are defined by cultural practices- languages spoken, identities enacted, rituals performed- and that often changes as new people move in and out of these spaces.
- Nonverbal communication communicates
relational meaning, status, and deception.
- Nonverbal codes include
facial expressions, eye contact, gestures, paralanguage, Chronemics, and silence.