Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/149

Click to flip

149 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
or/o
Mouth
gloss/o
lingu/o
toungue
bucc/o
Cheek
cheil/o
labi/o
Lip
dent/o
odont/o
Teeth
gingiv/o
Gums
sial/o
saliva, salivary gland
esophag/o
esophagus
pharyng/o
throat/pharynx
gastr/o
stomach
pylor/o
pylorus
duoden/o
duodenum/first part of small intestine
enter/o
intestine(usually small intestine
jejun/o
jejunum/second part of small intestine
ile/o
illeum/3rd part of small intestine
append/o
appendix
appendic/o
appendix
col/o
colon
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
rect/o
rectum
proct/o
anus/rectum
an/o
anus
hepat/o
liver
pancreat/o
pancreas
cholangi/o
bile vessel
chol/e
bile/gall
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
bile duct
emesis
vomit
iasis
abnormal condition
megaly
enlargement
orexia
appetite
pepsia
digestion
phagia
swallowing/eating
prandial
meal
rrhea
discharge/flow
dia
through, accross
peri
around
sub
under, below
List the main functions of the digestive system.
1. Digests Food
2. Absorbs Nutrients
3. Eliminates waste
Bucca
Cheek
List functions of the toungue
1. Taste
2. Movement of food
3. speech
How many Premolars?
8
Molars?
Very back teeth, 12 of them, used for grinding and chewing.
Dentition
A person with natural teeth
Edentulous
A person with false teeth or dentures.
Gingiva
Gums
Palate
Top of mouth
ulva
Pink Tissue hanging in back of mouth
salivary glands
Secrete Saliva
Pharynx
Throat; Passageway for air and food.
Trachea
Passageway for air
esophagus
Passageway for food; Connects throat to stomach
Cardiac Sphincter
A sphincter is a ring of muscles; Keeps the contents of the stomach from re-netering the esophagus.
Epiglottis
A lid over the trachea to protect and allow only air to pass.
What is the main function of the stomach?
Chemically and mechanically breaks down food.
Fundus
Top of stomach
Body
Middle of stomach
Antrum
Lower stomach
Vagotomy
A procedure to reduce the amount of gastric acid.
Pylorus
A tube that connects the stomach and the duodenum.
Pyloric Sphincter
Controls the amount of food from stomach to small intestine.
List the main functions of the small intestine, and its three parts
1.Finishes digestion
2. Absorbs Nutrients
Duodenum, Ileum, Jejunum.
Duodenum
part of the small intestine A mixing bowl of food and bile.
Ileum
part of the small intestine; where nutrients are absorbed
What is the main function of the large intestine?
Elimination of waste.
What are the four parts of the large intestine?
1. Cecum
2. Colon
3. Sigmoid colon
4. Rectum
Cecum
Where the appendix is attached.
list the main functions of the Liver.
1. Produces bile,
2. stores vitamins
3. removes glucose from blood
bilirubin
a waste product
pancreas
Creates pancreatic juices
Gallbladder
Where bile is stored
What are the three ducts used for the process of digestion?
1. Hepatic Duct
2. Cystic Duct
3. Common bile duct
Bile ducts
Used to transport bile
Hepatic Duct
transports bile from the liver
Cystic duct
Transports bile to Gallbladder.
Common Bile duct
formed by the hepatic duct and cystic duct. Take bile to duodenum.
Bruxism
Grinding of teeth
apthous Stomatitis
Inflammation of the mouth
Herpes Labialis
Fever blisters(canker sores)
Esohpageal Reflux
Contents of the stomach are re-entering the esophagus.
pyrosis
Heartburn
Ulcer
errosion of inside
List 3 common types of ulcers.
1. Gastric
2. peptic
3. perforated
Gastric ulcer
Stomach ulcer
Peptic ulcer
Basic Ulcer (stomach or duodenum).
Perforated Ulcer
A severly advanced ulcer which creates a hole.
Hernia
Protrusion of any organ.
List three types of hernias.
1. Hiatal Hernia
2. Inguinal Hernia
3. Umbilical Hernia
Hiatal Hernia
Stomach goes through hole in the diaphram.
Inguinal hernia
Groin
Umbilical hernia
Navel
Adhesion
Abnormal sticking together of tissue(scar tissue)
Ileus
Blockage of the small intestine.
polyp
Benine growth coming from intestinal walls.
Hepatitis A
Inflammation of Liver; from contaminated food or water.
Hepatitis B
Inflammation of the liver; From contaminated blood (vaccines Available)
Hepatitis C
Inflammation of the liver; From contaminated blood. (no vaccines available).
asymptomatic
Without Symptoms
Defecation
Elimination of feces from the rectum
duodenal Bulb
Upper duodenum area just beyond the pylorus
endoscope
Instument used to obeserve the inside of a hollow organ ot cavity.
Friable
Easily broken
pepsin
Enzyme secreated in the stomach that begins the digestion of proteins.
punctate
Having pinpoint punctures or depressions of the surface.
Varices
Tortuous dilations of a vein
Ascites
Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
Chrohns disease
Chronic inflammtion of the ileum.
Cirrhosis
Chronic;irreversible degeneration of the liver
colic
spasm in any hollow organ
deglutition
act of swallowing
eructation
producing gas from the stomach (belching)
Flatus
Gas in the GI tract. (fart)
Halitosis
Offensive or "bad Breath"
IBS
Irritable bowel syndrome
Melena
Darkened stool
Peristalsis
Progressive wave like movement in the GI tract
regurgitation
Vomiting
Endoscopy
Visual examination of cavity or canal
Stool Guaiac
A substance applied to detect the presence of blood in feces.
Barium Enema
Barium sulfate is injected through the anus to allow fluid to light up the organs for a better x-ray
ERCP
Provides radiographic visualization of the bile and pancreatic ducts.
Anastomosis
Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowl segments to allow flow from one to the other.
colostomy
Creating of an opening of some portion of the colon through the abdominal wall
Antacids
Neutralize Stomach acid
Antiemetics
Control nausea and vomitting
BM
Bowl Movement
GERD
Gastroesophageal reflux disease.
GI
Gastrointestinal
ac
before meals
bid
twice a day
npo
nothing by mouth
pc,pp
After meals
po
By mouth
prn
As required
qam, qm
every morning
qh
every hour
q2h
every 2 hours
qid
four times a day
qod
Every other day
qpm, qn
every night
stat
immediatly
tid
three times a day
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none
none