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20 Cards in this Set

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a condition in which a person's excess fat accumulation resulsts in a body weight that exceeds desirable weight by 1% to 19%
overweight
a condition in which a person's body weight is 20% or more above desirable weight as determined by standard height/weight charts
obesity
the weight range deemed appropriate for people, taking into consideration gender, age, and frame size
desirable weight
body weight within a weight range appropriate for a person with an acceptable waist-to-hip ratio
healthy body weight
a mathematical calculation based on weight and height; used to determine desirable body weight
body mass index (BMI)
a graphic means of finding an unknown value
momogram
body composition system used to measure body fat through air displacement
BOD POD
a device used to measure the thickness of a skinfold from which percent of body fat can be calculated
calipers
a condition in which the thyroid gland produces an insufficient amount of the hormone thyroxin
hypothyroidism
a genetically programmed range of body weight, beyond which a person finds it difficult to gain or lose additional weight
set point
the physiological response of the body to adjust its metaolic rate to the presence of food
adaptive thermogenesis
the amount of energy, expressed in calories, that the body requires to maintain basic functions
basal metabolic rate (BMR)
the amount of energy our bodies require for the digestion, absorption, and transportation of food
thermic effect of food (TEF)
the metabolic process of breaking down tissue for the purpose of converting it to energy
catabolizing
the active chemical compound still found in some over-the-counter diet products
phenylpropanolamine (PPA)
an eating disorder in which the individual weight less than 85% of their expected weight for his or her age, gender, and height, has an intense fear of gaining weight, and in females, menstruating ceases for at least 3 consecutive months; people perceive themselves as overweight, even though they are underweight
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder in which individuals engage in episodes of bingeing, consuming unusually large amounts of food and feeling out of control, and engaging in some compensatory purging behavior to eliminate their food
bulimia nervosa
using vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, enemas, or other medications or means such as excessive excercise or fasting to eliminate food
purging
an eating disorder formerly referred to as compulsive overeating disorder; binge eaters use food to cope in the same way that bulimics do and also feel out of control, but do not engage in compensatory purging behavior
binge eating disorder
a condition in which the body is below the desirable weight
underweight