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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is gastritis?
inflammation of the gastric mucosa.
gastritis can ve designated as what or what?
erosive (acute)
nonreosive (chronic)
what provides a protective mucosal barrier that prevents the stomach from digesting itself ?
prostaglandins
the process by whick the so\tomach digestes itself is called
acid autodigestion
What happens if there is a break in the protective barrier?
histamine realse and vagal nerve stimulation
Back-diffusion of hydrocholoric acid in to the mucosa after injurey is called what? and results in what?
back diffusion- edema
what are the early pathologic manifestations of gastritis>
thickend , reddened mucous membrane with prominent rugae of folds.
depletion of b12 causes what?
pernicious anemia
loss of the intrinsic factor is critical for absorption of what>
b12
increased risk for gastric cancer is associated with what?
chronic gastritis
inflammation of gastric mucosa or submucosa after exposure to local irritants can result in
ACUTE GASTRITIS
appears as a patchy, spread out inflammation of the mucosal lining of the stomach
cHRONIC GASTRITIS
usually heals with no scarring, but it can progress to hemorrhage and formation of an ulcer
chronic gastritis
type a chronic gastritis effects what>?
type b?
in atrophic?
inflammation of the glands, as well as the fundus of the body of the stomach

glands of the antrum but may involve the entire stomach

total loss of fundal glands
what poses a risk for development of acute gastritis (5%-25%)
NSAID
what type of diet is for gasritis
bland, small meals
h2 receptors, mucosa barriers, antacids,antibacterials, vitb12 are meds for what?
gastritis
what foods to avoid with gastritis?
caffien, mustartd, paprike, clobes pepper and hot spices, alcohol and tabacco
surgical methods should only be used when?
cant control bleeding
post op problems with gastritis/
ULCERATIONS
HEMORRHAGE, REFLUX FISTUALS , PYLORIC OBSTRUCTION
STRESS REDUCITON for gastritis can include these
progressive relaxation, cutaneous stimulatino, guided imagery and distration
what happens post of for gastritis?

(4)
monitor complications
maintain ng tube placement
comfort
small frequent meals/
a mucosal lesion of the stomach or duodeum.
PEPTIC ULCER
when mucosal defense becomes impaired and no onger protect the wpithelium from effects of ------- and ______
peptic ulcer disease results
acid
pepsin
what 3 things play a huge role in the development of gastric ulcers
acid, pepsin, helicobacter pylori