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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Atkinson-Shiffrin Model
Acquisition Strategies
Interaction between STM & LTM
-Transfering info from STM to LTM
-Control processes that could be used in attempt to learn new info
Acquisition Strategies
(1)Rehearsal
(2)Coding
(3)Imaging
Acquisition Strategies
REHEARSAL--Repeating verbal info to keep it active in STM or transfer it to LTM
CODING--Semantic elaboration of into to make it easier to remember-Placing new info in the context of easily accessible old info
IMAGING--Creating visual images to make material easier to remember
Rote Rehearsal/Learning
Learning by repetition rather than through understanding
-Verbal rehearsal
Serial Position Effect
Ability to recall words at the beginning and end of a list of words better than words in the middle of the list
-U Shaped Curve
Primacy & Recency Effect
Primacy & Recency Effect
PRIMACY-Better recall of words at the beginning of a list

RECENCY-Better recall of words at the end of a list
Control Processes
3 Aspects
A strategy that determines how info is processed
Acquisition-Storing info in LTM
Retention-Maintenance of knowledge
Retrieval-Getting info out of LTM -Recovering info
Retrieval Fluency
The ease with which an item can be recalled
Tip-Of-The-Tongue Phenomenon
A retrieval state in which a person feels they know the info but cannot immediately retrieve it
-You know its stored in LTM but are momentarily blocked from retrieving it
Eyewitness Identification
Recommended procedures are to conduct interview at slow pace and ask few, open-ended questions
-Memory retrieval techniques: Reinstating the context & recalling events by using different retrieval pathways
-Reliable Findings: Looking at mug shots can make eyewitness more likely to identify a person as a suspect when later viewing police lineup