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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
social class
an ordering of all persons in a society according to their degrees of economic resources, prestige, and privilege
class position
a person's relationship to the means of production-the things necessary to produce goods and services
contradictory class location
a job that has the characteristics of more than one class position
status group
a group of people who share a common style of life and often identify with each other
ideal type
a hypothetical model that consists of the most significant characteristics, in extreme form, of a social phenomenon
upper-class families
families that have amassed wealth and privilege and that often have substantial prestige as well
middle-class families
families whose connection to the economy provides them with a secure, comfortable income and allows them to live well above a subsistence level
working-class families
families whose income can reliably provide only for the minimum needs of what other people see as a descent life
lower-class families
families whose connections to the economy is so tenuous that they they cannot reliably provide for a descent life
nonstandard employment
jobs that do not provide full-time, indefinite work directly for the firm that is paying for it
distribution of family income
the proportion of the total income of all families in the nation that each family receives
poverty line
a federally defined income limit defined as the cost of an "economy" diet for a family, multiplied by three
women-centered kinship
a kinship structure in which the strongest bonds of support and caregiving occur among a network of women, most of them relatives, who may live in more than one household
arranged marriage
a marriage in which the parents find a spouse for their child by negotiating with other parents
centralizing women
women who maintain the links among kin in large, extended families