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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the AVPU scale?
A- Victim is alert
V- Responds to verval stimuli
P- Responds to painful stimuli
U- Unresponsive to all stimuli
What are the 3 C's of establishing rapport?
Competance
Confidence
Compassion

Ask victim's name, maintain eye contact, speak calmly, give orders quietly
What is SAMPLE?
S - signs and symptoms
A - allergies
M - medications
P - pertinent past medical history
L - last time victim ate or drank
E - events prior to the incident
What is crepitus?
a sandpaper like noise made by broken bone ends rubbing against each other
What is DOTS?
Look for:
D - Deformity
O - Open wounds
T - Tenderness
S - Swelling
Initial Assessment
1. Take body substance isolation precautions if possible
2. Assess safety of scene
3. Determine victim's condition
4. # of victims
5. Determine resources needed
How do you check for breathing?
Look for chest to rise and fall
Listen for sounds of air movement
Feel on your cheek for air movement
If victim is unresponsive, which position should you place them in?
HAINS - high arm in endangered spine

recovery/modified

For infant, place face down in arms
What questions should you ask during the secondary survey?
What happened?
Where do you hurt
Visually inspect body
What is MOI?
Mechanism of injury
Vital signs?
Pulse
Respiration
Temperature and skin color
If victim is unconscious, which pulse should you take?
Carotid
What should you look for when assessing a victim's condition in their neck?
depressions, bruises, veins, pulses, pain, tenderness
What should you look for when assessing a victim's condition in their chest?
breathing abnormalities, symmetry of respiration, signs of fractures, instability over the ribs, soft tissue injuries
What should you look for when assessing a victim's condition in their abdomen?
Protrusions, soft-tissue wounds, lumps, swelling ,bruises

If you suspect injury, feel that quadrant last - check for hardening or masses
What should you look for when assessing a victim's pelvic area?
Tenderness, crepitus, loss of bladWder control, bleeding, strength of femoral pulse, erection (sign of CNS injury)
What should you look for when assessing a victim's lower extremeties?
abnormal position of legs, abnormal movements, protrusions, tenderness in calves, depressions
What should you look for when assessing a victim's upper extremeties?
Equal grip strength
assess sensation by light touch or pinch
motor function - have them wiggle fingers
compare bilateral strength