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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
15. What company is the best example of economic and political growth in Korea?
14. How many times has the U.S. intervened militarily in Latin America?
13. What nation in the Pacific was the first to challenge the West’s dominant industrial position?
12. What nation other than Japan spread economic dynamism?
-South Korea
11. What nickname was given to the Cuban Revolution?
-“26th of July Movement”
10. What military leader of Argentina appealed to labor groups and used the popularity of his wife to gain support?
-Colonel Juan D. Perón
9. What factors limited Japanese economic advancement prior to WWII?
-dependence on very few exports…little to sell
8. What methods were used by the military governments of Latin America after the 1960s to silence critics?
-Political repression and torture
7. What cultural influence from China stressed a form of morality?
6. What event ended many of the liberal governments in Latin America?
-the Great Depression
5. In what year was the armistice ending the fighting in Korea signed?
4. Who headed the American occupation government in Japan?
-General Douglas MacArthur
3. What type of government did Vargas use in Brazil?
2. In what year did the Mexican Revolution begin?
1. Singapore was part of what British colony?
16. What event, other than WWI, helped determine much of the history of Latin America?
-the Great Depression
17. How did the suffering in Japan during the depression compare to the rest of the world?
-It was far less—It started out as bad as other nations, but recovered.
18. What are 4 common traits among the states of the Pacific Rim?
-(a) Chinese Culture (b) Able to maintain identity from West (c) development of heavy industry (d) Special relationship with U.S. & Great Britain
19. What name was given to the communal landholdings following the Mexican Revolution?
20. Who did the revolutionary government of Cuba deal with economically once it split from dealing with the US?
-Soviet Union (USSR)
21. What U.S. President began the “Good Neighbor Policy”?
-Franklin D. Roosevelt
28. What region of the world is Latin America considered a part of?
-3rd world
30. Why did the U.S. return to aggressive policies in Latin America following WWII?
-They were afraid of communism entering Latin America
29. What name is given to the close cooperation between the Japanese government and business?
-Japan incorporated
22. What is the “Second World”?
-communist industrial nations
23. What reforms did the U.S. introduce into Japan following WWII?
-emperor became a figurehead, abolished Shinto as a religion, women suffrage, parliamentary democracy
24. What name was given to governments set up in Latin America after American military intervention?
-banana republics
25. When did the U.S. occupation of Japan end?
26. What states are the industrial centers of the Pacific Rim?
-Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan
27. What Chinese leader established the nationalist government of Taiwan?
-Chiang Kai-shek
37. Who helped the overthrow of government of Guatemala in 1954?
31. Who was the leader of the Cuban Revolution?
-Fidel Castro
32. What reforms were begun in Mexico under the Constitution of 1917?
-promised land reform, limited foreign ownership of key resources, guaranteed rights of workers & placed restrictions on clerical education
33. What type of government was established in Cuba following the revolution?
-Marxist-Leninist Communism
34. When did the U.S. establish diplomatic relations with mainland China (recognize China)?
35. Whose election in 1929 ended the Mexican Revolution?
36. What factors led to the rapid economic growth of Japan in the 1950s?
-Expansion of education, growing population, acquired cheap loans to advance technologically, productive labor force
44. At the end of WWI, who was the dominant power in the region?
43. Why was it difficult to create an independent Korea at the end of WWII?
-Because it was divided: Korea owned the North and the South was reinforced by U.S. military
42. Who was the first leader of the Republic of Korea?
-Syngman Rhee
41. What cultural group makes up most of the population of Singapore?
40. What are the nations of the “Third World” lacking?
39. What man was in charge of Mexico when the Mexican Revolution began?
38. What was import substitution industrialization?
-It was typical of Latin American economies; production of goods during the 20th century that had previously been imported; led to light industrialization…They were cut off from supplies so they had to make what they before had usually imported
45. What is the greatest difference between Japan’s and Western women in the later 20th century?
-Feminist movements in Japan were constricted to a small number of intellectuals—Most women were concentrated more heavily on domestic duties and child- rearing
46. What industry did Mexico nationalize in 1934?
50. What was the primary goal of Zapata during the Mexican Revolution?
-land reform
48. What was that last remaining colony on the Pacific Rim following WWII?
-Hong Kong
49. What Latin American countries experienced coups during the 1960s and ‘70s?
-Brazil, Chile, Belize, and Argentina
47. Who led the attempted coup against the Japanese government in 1934?
-Tojo Hideki