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52 Cards in this Set

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microorganisms
tiny plant or animal cell that cannot be seen with the naked eye
microbes
germs/ bacteria
nonpathogenic
not harmful, not producing disease. decompose garbage, improve soil fertility, help digest food.
pathogenic
disease causing/ harmful
cocci
round bacteria that appear alone or in groups
bacilli
short-rod shaped/most common and produce disease such as teanus, typhoid, tb, diphtheria
spirilla
spiral or cork screw shaped causse syphilis, lyme disease and other
stphyloccoicci
pustules and boils, grow in clusters like grapes
streptococci
strep throat, blood posioning, resembles a string of beads
diplococci
pneumonia, spherical bacteria that grow in pairs
2 phases of bacteria
active/ inactive(spore forming)
to survive unsuitable temp bacteria form
spherial spores with tough covers
difference b/t viruses and bacteria
viruses live by penatrating cell and b/c part of them
virsus resistant to
antibotics
hepatitus
inflamation of liver
ways body fights infection
skin, secretions, wht, blood cells, antioxidants
blood born pathogens
bacteria or virsus that are carried thru the body in blood or body fluids
pus
product of infection or bacteria
local infection
particular part of body
general infection
carried thru out body
parasites
live off another living thing, cannot live w/out host
fungi or plant parasites
ringworm and favus
animal parasite
head lice and itch mites
immunity
ability of body to resist infection
virsus
most resistant form of life on earth
spores
cause common cold, smallpox, and aids
fungi
molds, mildews, yeasts
when body overcomes a disease it develops _______
accuired immunity
acquired immunity can be developed thru _________
inoculation
most obj or surfaces in your surroundings are _______, which means they have microorganisms in or on them
contanimated
_______kills all microorganisms, including bacterial spore
sterilization
3 main levels of decontanimation
sterilization, disinfection, sanatation
autoclave sterilization by
steam
disinfection
kills most microorganisms on hard, nonporus surfaces
all disinfectants must be approved by
epa
msds
provides all pertinent info on a product, ranging from content and accociated hazards to combustion levels and storage requirements
pseudomonacidal
a didinfectant that is effective againsst the pseudomonas bacteria
OSHA blood born pathongens standard
any implement that comes into contact with blood or body fluids must be disinfected in an epa-registered tuberculocidal disinfectant or a disinfectant that kills hiv-1 and hep-b
alcohol
not legal in most states.
quats
nontoxic, odorless, and fast acting
phenols
caustic poison
the purpose of wet sanatizers is to_____
disinfect
lowest level of decontamination is
sanitation
_______kill bacteria or privent their growth, but they are not classified as disinfectants.
antiseptics
lancets and other tools that puncture the skin must be decontaminated y dry geat or in a __________
autoclave
nonporous tools such as twezsrs, scissors, and plastic spatulas that have not come in comtact with blood should be decontaminated by complete immersion in an epa-registered, hospital-grade disinfectant that is:
bactericidal, pseudomonacial, fungicial, vircuial
decontanimation
removing, inactivating, or destroying pathogens
tools that come into contact with blood or other body fluids must be_____
sterilized
sodium hypochlorite
bleach
aseptic procedure
handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies so they are not contaminated until they are used on a client
in a blood spill, after cleaning the wound, apply antiseptic or___________
styptic
to sanatize is to significantly reduce the num of _________ on a surface
pathogens