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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
racial group
a category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior on the basis of subjectively selected PHYSICAL characteristics
ethnic group
a category of people who are distinguished as inferior or superior primarily on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics
dominant (majority) group
One that is advantaged and has superior resources and rights in a society
subordinate (minority) group
one whose members, because of physical/cultural characteristics, are disadvantaged and subjected to unequal treatment by the majority groups and regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination
racism
a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices used to jusify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group
prejudice
a negative attitude based on faulty generalizations about members of selected racial and ethnic groups
ethnocentrism
the assumption that one's own group and way of life are superior to all others
stereotypes
overgeneralizations about the appearance, behavior, or other characteristics of all members of the group
individual discrimination
one-on-one acts by members of the dominant group that harm members of the subordinate group or their property
institutional discrimination
the day-to-day practices of organizations and institutions that have a harmful impact on members of subordinate groups
scapegoat
a person or group that is blamed for some problem causing frustration and is therefore subjected to hostility by others
assimilation
the process by which members of subordinate racial and ethnic groups become absorbed into the dominant culture
amalgamation
a process in which the cultural elements of racial-ethnic groups are blended together to form a new society
Anglo-conformity model
a pattern of assimilation whereby members of subordinate racial-ethnic groups are expected to conform to the culture of the white population
ethnic pluralism
the coexistence of diverse racial-ethnic groups w/ separate identities and cultures w/i a society
segregation
the spatial and social separation of people by race/ethnicity, class, gender, or other social characteristics
gendered racism
the interactive effect of racism and sexism in exploiting women of color

*An explanation for why racial inequality exists according to a critical-conflict perspective
internal colonialism
a process that occurs when members of a racial-ethnic group are conoquered or colonized and forcibly placed under the economic and political control of the dominant group

*An explanation for why racial inequality exists according to a critical-conflict perspective
theory of racial formation
the government substantially defines racial and ethnic relations

*An explanation for racial inequality according to a critical-conflict perspective
genocide
the deliberate, systematic killing of an entire people or nation
authoritarian personality
describes an individual most likely to be highly prejudiced, characterized by conformity, intolerance, insecurity, etc.

*An explanation for why prejudice exists according to the social-psychological perspective
split-labor market theory
the U.S economy is divided into 2 employment sectors, one composed of more higher-paid workers in secure jobs

*An explanation for why prejudice exists according to class perspectives