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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Peter and Rosemary Grant
showed that natural selection has effect in short periods of time
inherited genetic structure
outward appearence and repertory of behaviors
dna is organized into tiny units called genes. segements of dna make up chromosomes.
full sequence of genes found on the chromosomes with the associated DNA
human behavior genetics
unites psych and genetics to explore causal link between inheritance and behavior
1: genetic
0: environmental
evolutionary psychology
extend evolution to explain how the mind functions
Rene Descartes
the human brain is an animal machine that can be understood scientifically
study the brain
Phinaes Gage
damaged frontal lobe
studied "tan" and found that the same area of the brain is involved in language (broca's area)
highly localized brain injuries
uses magnetic stimulation to create temporary and reversible lesions
Walter Hess
electrical stimulation to probe structures deep in the brain. provoked many things in cats
electrodes provide a tracing of the brain activity
PET scans
radioactive substanes are taken up by brain cells, machines can read the radioactivity emitted by these cells, this makes a portrait of the brain
generates pulses in the brain that are tuned to different frequences. this casues atoms to lune up with magnetic fields, and then vibrate when the pulse is turned off
detects magnetic changes in the flow of blood to cells in the brain
central nervous system
all neurons in brain and spinal cord. integrates and coordinates all bodily functions, processes incoming neural messages coming from the spinal cord and commands diff. parts of the body
spinal cord
coordinates left and right and is responsible for quick reflexes that don't require the brain
peripheral nervous system
all the neurons forming the nerve fibers that connect the CNS to the body
(composed of somatic and autonomic)
somatic nervous system
regulates actions of skeletal muscles
autonomic nervous system
sustains basic life processes (respiration, digestion, arousal)
(divided into parasympathetic and sympathetic)
sympathetic nervous system
governs responses to emergency situations
(fight or flight)
parasympathetic nervous system
monitors the routine operation of the body's functions
brain stem
structures regulate the body
center for breathing, blood pressure, and heart beating
provides input to other structures in the brain stem and to the cerebellum
reticular formation
nerve cells that keep the brain alert.