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9 Cards in this Set

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Bottleneck Theory
Attempts to explain how people select info when some info-processing stage becomes overloaded with too much info
Capacity Theory
Proposes that we have a limited amount of mental effort to distribute across tasks, so there are limitations on the number of tasks we can perform at the same time
Automatic Processing
Performing mental operations that require very little mental effort
Filter Model
A bottleneck occurs at the pattern recognition stage & that attention determines what info reaches the pattern recognition stage
Attenuation
A decrease in the perceived loudnes of an unattended message
Shadowing
An experimental method that requires people to repeat the attended message out loud
Automatic Skill
1) Occurs without intention
2) Does not give rise to conscious awareness
3) Does not interfere with other mental activities
Stroop Effect
Finding that it takes longer to name the color of the ink a word is printed in when the word is the name of a competing color (the word red printed in blue ink)
Incidental Learning
Learning that occurs when we do not make a conscious effort to learn