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17 Cards in this Set

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Escape response
a response that removes or reduces an aversive condition
Aversive condition (negative reinforcer)
-any stimulus, event, or condition
-whose termination immediately following a response
-increases the frequency of that response
Escape principle
A response becomes more likely if it has immediately removed or reduced an aversive condition in the past
Escape contingency
-the immediate
-response-contingent
-removal or reduction of
-an aversive condition
-resulting in an increased frequency of that response
What are the basic reinforcement contingencies?
Escape and reinforcement
Differential reinforcement of alternative behavior
-the replacement of an inappropriate response
-with a specific appropriate response
-that produces that same reinforcing outcome
How is DRA illustrated?
shows the "innappropriate natural contingency" on the top and the "performance management contingency" on the bottom;

they share before and after boxes, with different behaviors
Three Functional Assessment Strategies
1. Interview
2. Observe
3. Intervene
Interview
talk to the person with the behavior problem and those who interact with and have direct contact with the person
Observe
observe the person in his or her daily routines for an extended period of time
Intervene
present, remove, or modify the contingencies that may be reinforcing the problem behavior
Sick Social Cycle (Victim's escape model)
-in escaping
-the perpetrator's aversive behavior,
-the victim unintentionally reinforces
-that aversive behavior
Parsimony
the use of no unnecessary concepts, principles, or assumptions
Basic principle of behavior analysis
the consequences of past behavior cause current behavior
Basic principle of psychoanalysis
past experience causes current behavior by channeling unconscious mental forces
The Toothpaste Theory of Abnormal Behavior (false general rule)
-abnormal behavior flows out of sick people
-like toothpaste squeezed from a tube.
-The abnormal behavior results from inner pressure
Negative reinforcer
-any stimulus, event, or condition
-whose termination immediately follows a response
-resulting in the increase in frequency of that response