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53 Cards in this Set

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A scab or dry crust caused by a thermal or chemical burn, or infection is called what?
eschar
skin graft that consists of the epidermis and a portion of the papillary dermis is what?
split-thickness skin graft
swollen, hard, and/or congested is called what?
turgid
How many metacarpal bones are there?
5
The phalanges consist of how many bones in each hand?
14
Autografts include what?
autogenous bone, cartilage, and fat
When the dermatome is handed to the surgeon, it should be set to what?
zero
What are the prep solutions of choice for the prepping of the face?
pHisoHex and Hibiclens
What are the primary medications used in plastic surgery?
local anesthetic, epinephrine, and mineral oil
Because of the mechanisms of injury, dermabrasion is performed most often on who?
adults
Procedure performed to reduce the appearance of scars and photodamage on the skin.
dermabrasion
Procedure performed to reduce the effects of aging on the skin
laser skin resurfacing
Procedure performed to rejuvenate the eye and to improve vision in patients who have visual disturbances caused by sagging upper lids.
blepharoplasty
In a Lower-Lip Blepharoplasty, this approach is used in patients who do not require removal of excess skin, but rather of fat pad.
transconjunctival approach
This procedure is performed to rejuvenate the upper third of the face.
brow lift
A periosteal elevator is used to elevate the periosteum off the cranium to the level of the what?
superior orbital rims
This procedure is performed to rejuvenate the lower third of the aging face.
Rhytidectomy (Face Lift)
The SMAS is imbricated during what procedure?
Rhytidectomy (Face Lift)
What is a mentoplasty?
chin augmentation
during a mentoplasty, what type of incision is made?
intraoral
Which cranial nerve is the facial nerve?
7th
What is a Cheiloplasty?
Lip augmentation
What may the assistant use to aid in the retraction of skin flaps?
single or double prong skin hooks
What is a lesion marked with to denote margins?
silk stitch
Provide coverage of a soft tissue defect that are raised from the donor site but not immediately severed free.
pedicle graft
flaps that are raised from the tissues in the immediate area of the defect
advancement flaps
semicircular skin flaps that are rotated into the soft tissue defect on a pivot
rotation flaps
flaps that have large vessels directly supplying the skin paddle
pedicle flaps
flaps that are a mixture of tissues.
composite flaps
burn that involves only the outer layer of the epidermis
first degree
burn characterized by reddened skin
first degree
burn that involves the entire epidermis and part of the dermis
second degree
burn characterized by blister formation, and reddish-pink mottled skin
second degree
burn that causes the destruction of the entire thickness of the skin
third degree
burn that is characterized by eschar
third degree
What is used to remove all nonviable skin during a debridement for burns?
braithewaite blade or a USF debrider (hemostat forcep with wings)
What is an allograft that may be applied after hemostasis is achieved during a debridement for burns?
cadaver skin
What is performed to create epithelial coverage?
skin grafts
Which skin graft consists of the epidermis and a portion of the papillary dermis?
Split-thickeness skin graft
Which skin graft consists of the entire epidermis and dermis?
full-thickness skin grafts
What is done to reduce the resistance of the skin to the blade and allow the blade to glide over the skin?
mineral oil or Shur-Clens
What is the donor site covered with after a skin graft if taken?
lap sponge soaked in saline
What is a Panniculectomy?
Abdominoplasty
Procedure performed to remove excess skin and adipose tissue from the abdominal wall and tighten the muscles of the abdominal wall?
Panniculectomy
(Abdominoplasty)
Procedure performed to lift the breast and remove excess skin?
Mastopexy
What can be performed to correct breast ptosis?
mastopexy
procedure performed to increase the size and improve the shape of the breast?
mammoplasty
Procedure performed to reduce the size of the breast?
reduction mammoplasty
Procedure performed to reconstruct the breast without the use of implants?
transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap
During a TRAM flap, the upper border of what is carried into the abdominal wall?
elliptical incision
Before the prep for a repair of a cleft palate, the surgeon may insert what?
cleft-palate mouth gag, or Dingman mouth gag
What is a congenital defect that results in the absence of all or part of the ear?
Microtia
Repair of Microtia is performed before a child reaches what age?
school age