Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Marie Curie
Discoverer of radium and polonium.
Max Planck
German physicist. He won a 1918 Nobel Prize for discoveries in connection with quantum theory.
Albert Einstein
Creator of the theory of relativity
Friedrich Nietzsche
German philosopher who reasoned that Christianity's emphasis on the afterlife makes its believers less able to cope with earthly life.
Henri Bergson
He argued that evolution, which he accepted as scientific fact, is not mechanistic but driven by an élan vital ("vital impulse").
Georges Sorel
French author and revolutionary.
Sigmund Freud
Founder of psychoanalysis.
Herbert Spencer
English sociologist and philosopher, advocate of the theory of social Darwinism.
Emile Zola
Author of "J'Accuse"
Fyodor Dostoevsky
Author of Crime and Punishment
Impressionism
Characterized by concentration on the immediate visual impression produced by a scene.
Camille Pissarro
French impressionist painter known for his rural scenes, including Orchard in Blossom (1877).
Claude Monet
He created several series of paintings, such as Water Lilies (1899–1925), that examine the effect of changing light and atmosphere on a subject.
Vincent Van Gogh
The Dutch painter who cut off his own earlobe.
Pablo Picasso
One of the most prolific and influential artists of the 20th century.
Amalie Sieveking
She established and organized
humanitarian work in Germany, particularly the care of the sick.
Emmeline Pankhurst
British suffrage leader who advocated militancy and violence in order to gain public recognition.
Maria Montessori
She became the first woman physician in Italy.
Dreyfus Affair
The controversy that occurred with the treason conviction (1894) of Capt. Alfred Dreyfus (1859–1935), a French general staff officer.
Theodor Herzl
As a correspondent during the Alfred Dreyfus affair, he determined that the solution to anti-Semitism was the establishment of a Jewish national state.
Zionism
A Jewish movement that arose in the late 19th century and sought to reestablish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
Labour Party
British political party, one of the two dominant parties in Great Britain since World War I.
Sergei Witte
A railway administrator, he became minister of communications (1892) and minister of finance (1892–1903) of Russia.
Bloody Sunday
Massacre of peaceful demonstrators in Saint Petersburg.
Cecil Rhodes
British financier and colonizer who became prime minister of Cape Colony in 1890 but was forced to resign in 1896.
King Leopold II
Belgian ruler who exploited the Congo.
Bismarckian System
A defensive system of alliances created by Otto von Bismarck
to isolate France through a system of German alliances.