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8 Cards in this Set

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autonomy
Autonomy means independence. The ethnic groups Ossentians and Abkhars have pressed for more autonomy recently in Northern Georgia. Minorities in Georgia have been oppressed for more than 3, 500 years. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, all of its former republics gained autonomy. More recently however, one of those republics, Chechnya, rebelled against an election by massacring the first day of school at a school in Russia
genocide
Genocide is the systematic or intentional killing of a group or people. The Turks tried to deport the Armenian population at the outbreak of World War One. They succeeded in killing one third of the population en route, or by massacring them. A cause of World War Two was Germany’s attempt to kill off Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, or anybody who didn’t fit Hitler’s “Aryan” race
nationalism
Nationalism is pride in ones nation; the desire of an ethnic or cultural group to rule themselves as a separate nation. The Armenian people and the Azeri people of Azerbaijan have been fighting for quite a while. The main focus of the fighting is religious differences – the Azeris are Islamic, and the Armenians are Christian. These fights began around the time when the Soviet Union collapsed. Without the structure and religionless rule of the Soviets, countries began fighting over religion once more
chernozem
Chernozem is a rich topsoil found in the steppes of Kazakhstan. Chernozem provides the basis of many Central Asian nations’ economy. Kazakhstan’s in particular is widely dependent on chernozem. Kazakhstan has a mostly agricultural economy, raising crops and supporting the nomadic herders
fundamentalism
Fundamentalism is a set of religious beliefs that are based on a sacred text. Fundamentalism can be a good thing. It can mean people are very religious and follow their religious text very closely. However, when fundamentalist try and force their beliefs upon others, things get a little haywire. You see fundamentalist in the news all the time in Israeli-Palestinian conflicts. After the break-up of the Soviet Union, fundamentalists of the Islamic religion called for more open practices of their religion. This caused fundamentalist feelings in Iran and Afghanistan, but it wasn’t widespread
yurt
A yurt is a large, portable, round tents made of wooden frames covered in felt or animal skins. The herders of the Central Asian nations live in these tents while on the move as nomads. They herd sheep, yaks, and goats as a main part of the economy. The area also holds small farming fields
desertification
Desertification is the extension of the desert landscape through the activities of people and livestock, as well as climactic changes. An example of desertification can be seen in the Aral Sea. When the Soviet Union came into power over the region, they rerouted the canals and rivers feeding into the Aral Sea for irrigation projects. This resulted in the sea becoming saltier, having less fish populations, and smaller water volume. Some scientist even say the whole sea may disappear by 2030
Silk Road
The Silk Road was and ancient trade road that traders carried fine silks along it en route to China and Eastern Asia from 200 BC and 1600 AD. The modern cities of Smaraqand, Tashkent, Bishkek, and Bukhara sit along the major tourist spot. This ancient spot has made tourism a major part of Uzbekistan’s economy