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24 Cards in this Set

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Utopian socialists
Socialism achieved by voluntary sacrifice.
Robert Owen
British social reformer who attempted to establish a cooperative community at New Harmony in Indiana (1825–1828).
Louis Blanc
He published his "The Organization of Labour", which described his theory of worker-controlled "social workshops."
Flora Tristan
She was a socialist writer and activist, and was one of the founders of modern feminism.
July Ordinances
Laws that suspended freedom of the press and dissolved the newly elected Chamber of Deputies.
Louis-Philippe
King of France (1830–1848). He ruled after the overthrow of the Bourbons in the July Revolution and abdicated during the Revolution of 1848.
Adolphe Thiers
French politician and historian who was the first president (1871–1873) of the republic formed after the fall of Napoleon III.
Francois Guizot
A French historian, orator and statesman.
Leopold of Saxe-Coburg
The first king of Belgium, and the founder of the Belgian line of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
The Reform Act of 1832
Entitled: "An Act to amend the representation of the people in England and Wales."
National workshops
Established to provide work for the unemployed by the French provisional government after the revolution of 1848.
Frankfurt Assembly
National assembly convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848, as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848.
Francis Joseph I
Emperor of Austria (1848–1916) and king of Hungary (1867–1916) who divided (1867) his empire into a dual monarchy, Austria-Hungary.
Giuseppe Mazzini
Italian patriot who spurred the movement for an independent, unified Italy with his political writings.
Serjeanty
A particular kind of tenure by which the tenant was bound to do some special honorary service to the king in person.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
German writer and scientist. He spent 50 years on his two-part dramatic poem "Faust."
Walter Scott
The author of Ivanhoe.
William Wordsworth
British poet whose most important collection, Lyrical Ballads (1798), helped establish romanticism in England.
Caspar David Friedrich
German romantic landscape painter. After studying painting in Copenhagen he visited various scenic spots in Germany.
J. M. W. Turner
An English Romantic landscape painter and watercolourist, whose style can be said to have laid the foundation for Impressionism.
Eugene Delacroix
His study of the optical effects of color profoundly shaped the work of the Impressionists.
Ludwig von Beethoven
Remembered for his powerful and stormy compositions, and for continuing to compose and conduct even after he began to go deaf at age 28.
Hector Berlioz
French composer and leading representative of romanticism in French music. His works include Symphonie fantastique (1830) and Romeo and Juliet.
Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand
He is considered the founder of Romanticism in French literature.