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47 Cards in this Set

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THE MOST COMMON ACCIDENTS AMONG PTS ARE:
FALLS
BURNS
CUTS
BRUISES
METHODS OF MEETING SAFETY GOALS JACHO 2005
-IMPROVE THE ACCURACY OF PT ID
-IMPROVE TEH EFFECTIVENESS OF COMMUNICATION AMONG CAREGIVERS
-IMPROVE THE SAFETY OF USING MEDICATION
-IMPROVE THE SAFETY OF USING INFUSION PUMPS
-REDUCE THE RISK OF HEALTH CARE - ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS
-ACCURATELY AND COMPLETELY RECONCILE MEDICATIONS ACROSS THE CONTINUUM OF CARE
-REDUCE THE RISK OF PT HARM RESULING FORM FALLS
A PATIENT WHOSE ACTIVITY ORDER IS BED REST W/ BATHROOM PRIVILEDGES WOULD HAVE THE BED MADE WHEN
WHILE PT IS USING THE BATHROOM
BED LINENS SHOULD BE NEAT, ORDERLY,AND FREE OF WRINKLES WHY?
LINENS TAHT ARE RUMPLED MAY INTERFERE W/ MOVEM'T OFR CAUSE THE PT TO FALL WHEN GETTING OUT OF BED
AN OCCUPIED BED IS ONLY MADE WHEN
IF THE PT ABSOLUTELY CANNOT GET OUT OF BED
THE 3 MOST COMMON FACTORS THAT PREDISPOSE A PERSON TO FALLS ARE:
IMPAIRED PHYSICAL MOBILITY
ALTERED MENTAL STATUS
SENSORY AND/OR MOTOR DEFICIT
PTS @ RISK FOR FALLS MAY HAVE WHAT
A LEG OR BED ALARM PLACED
ALERTS THE NS THAT PTS ARE ATTEMPTING TO GET OUT OF BED OR CHAIR
BURN PREVENTION INCLUDE WHAT
PROTECTING THE PT FROM ACCIDENTAL THERMAL INJURY & THE THREAT OF FIRE
THERMAL INJURIES ARE CAUSED BY WHAT
HOT OR COLD MATERIALS
WHAT TYPE OF PT IS EASILY BURNED THAN A PERSON IN GOOD HEALTH
-DIABETES
-IMPAIRED CIRCULATION
-PARALYZED
-ON DRUGS THAT ALTERED MENTAL AWARENESS
THERE IS 3 BASIC TYPES OF EXTINGUISHERS
TYPE A
TYPE B
TYPE C
TYPE A EXTINQUISHER
DEF
USED FOR
-WATER-UNDER-PRESSURE EXTINGUISHER

-PAPER, WOOD, CLOTHES FIRE
TYPE B EXTINQUISHER
DEF
USED FOR
-CONTAINS CO2

-GASOLINE, OIL, PAINT, FAT, FLAMMABLE LIQUID FIRES
TYPE C EXTINQUISHER
DEF
USED FOR
-CONTAINS CO2

-ELECTRICAL FIRES
MOST COMMONLY SEEN EXTINGUISHER IS
ABC COMBINATION CAN BE USED ON ANY FIRE
HOW DO YOU PROTECT A PT WITH POSSIBLE SMOKE INHALATION
BY PLACING A WET TOWELS ACROSS THE BOTTOM OF CLOSED DOORS & HAVE PT HOLD WET WASHCLOTHS OVER THEIR NOSES & MOUTHS
RATIONALE TRAPS MOST OF THE SMOKE IN THE WASHCLOTH DURING BREATHING
OSHA PUBLISHES SPECIFIC BIOHAZARDS GUIDELINES FOR
LABELING
HANDLING
CLEANING SPILLS
DISPOSING OF THESE MATERIALS
EG OF BIOHAZARD
MECURY
BLOOD
BODY FLUIDS
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS)IS USED FOR WHAT
RECOMMENDED METHOD OF STORAGE, LABELING, HANDLING SPILLS AND DISPOSAL OF BIOHAZARD SUBSTANCES ON EVERY NS UNIT
TERRORIST ACTIVITIES ARE DESIGNED TO CAUSE WHAT
PANIC
FEAR
CHAOS
DISRUPT AN AREA'S OF RESCUE
MEDICAL SYSTEMS
BIOHAZARD: WHAT CAN AFFECT THE FORM OF CHEMICAL AGENTS
TEMPERATURE
PRESSURE
THE SEVERAL TYPES OF CHEMICAL TREATS ARE:
PULMONARY AGENTS
CYANIDE AGENTS
NERVE AGENTS
VESICANTS
INCAPAITATING AGENTS
THERE ARE 3 BASIC WAYS TO PROTECT THE BODY FROM RADIATION
TIME (DECREASE THE AMT OF TIME NEAR THE SOURCE)
DISTANCE (INCREASE YOUR DISTANCE FROM A SOURCE)
SHIELDING (INCREASE THE BARRIER OR SHIELD BETWEEN YOU AND THE SOURCE)
NAME THE CHEMICAL WEAPON ASSOCIATIONED WITH ODOR OF BITTER ALMONDS ON TEH BREATH
CYANIDE AGENTS
NAME THE CHEMICAL WEAPON ASSOCIATIONED WITH CONVULSIONS, PARALYSIS, AND DEATH
NERVE AGENTS
NAME THE CHEMICAL WEAPON THAT IS DEADLY THAN THE OTHERS
VESCIANTS
WHICH NERVE AGENT OF THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS DOES NOT CAUSE IMMEDIATE SYMPTOMS BUT WILL CAUSE TISSUE DAMAGE WITHIN SEVERAL MINS W/O BURNING OR REDNESS
SULFUR MUSTARD
WHICH CHEMICAL AGENT IS DESIGNED TO IMPAIR AND NOT KILL PT
INCAPACITATING AGENTS
COMMON DISEASES SPREAD THRU BIOTERRISM
ANTHRAX
BOTULISM
EBOLA VIRUS (FILOVIRUS)
LASSA FEVER ( ARENAVIRUS)
PLAGUE
SMALLPOX
TULAREMIA
PATIENT ARE TRIAGED AS THEY ENTER THE ED EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT
IMMEIDATE
DELAYED
MINIMAL
EXPECTANT
TIRAGE "IMMEDIATE" REFERS
LIFE SAVINGCARE
TIRAGE "DELAYED" REFERS
NEED OF MAJOR OR PROLONGED CARE
TIRAGE "EXPECTANT" REFERS
SEVERE LIFE-THREATENING INJURIES
PROBABLY WILL NOT SURVIVE INSPITE OF MEDICAL CARE
TIRAGE "MIMIMAL" REFERS
MINOR INJURIES
TRIAGE; TX IS BASED ON
TYPE OF AGENT TO WHICH PT WAS EXPOSED
DEGREE OF EXPOSURE
TRIAGE; SOME BIOLOGIC AGENTS ARE TREATED WITH
ANTIBIOTICS
TRIAGE; CHEMICAL AND POISONOUS GASES ARE TREATED WITH
ANTITDOTES
RESTRICTING MOVEM'T ON A LONG TERM BASIS CAUSED PROBLEMS SUCH AS
MUSCLE WEAKNESS
ATROPHY
LOSS OF BONE MASS
JOINT CONTRACTURES
CONSTIPATION
INCONTINENCE
PRESSURE ULCERS
DEPRESSION
COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT
WHY DO YOU NOT TIE THE PROTECTIVE DEVICE TO THE SIDE RAILS
MAY CAUSE THE DEVICE TO BE PULLED TOO TIGHTLY AROUND THE PT OR CAUSE A STRAIN ON A JOINT OF AN IMMOBILIZED EXTREMITY
IN A WHEELCHAIR YOU PLACES TIES WHERE
UNDER THE ARMRESTS OF A CHAIR AND SECURE AT THE BACK TO PREVENT THE PT FROM SLIDING
ALSO PREVENTS THE PT FROM BEING ABLE TO SLIDE THE TIE UP & OFF THE BACK OF THE CHAIR
WHAT TYPE OF KNOT DO YOU USE TO SECURE TO BED OR CHAIR
HALF KNOT
SIMILAR TO A TYING A SHOE EXCEPT ONLY ONE LOOP IS MADE
WHAT PREVENTS COMPLICATIONS FROM A PROTECTIVE DEVICE
MOVING JOINTS
EXERCISING MUSCLES
CHANGING POSITIONS FREQUENTLY
WHAT DO YOU USE TO MAINTAIN POSITION WHEN USING PROTECTIVE DEVICES
SUPPORTIVE PILLOWS AND PADS
SIGNS THAT THE CIRCULATIONS OR NERVE FUNCTION HAS BEEN IMPARIED INCLUDE WHAT
COOLNESS OF THE SKIN (BLUISH, PALLOR)
CHANGE IN COLOR
NUMBNESS
PAIN
EDEMA
LOSS OF SENSTION
LOSS OF MOVEMENT
HOW OFTEN DO YOU CHECK THE PROTECTIVE DEVICE
15 TO 30 MINS
IF YOU SEE SIGNS OF CIRCULATION OR NERVE FUNCTION IMPAIRED; WHAT IS YOUR COURSE OF ACTION
REMOVE DEVICE IMMEDIATELY
AND CONTACT PHYSICIAM
USE OF PROTECTIVE DEVICE: WHEN DOCUMENTING YOU NEED TO DESCRIBED WHAT
BEHAVIORS YOU OBSERVED (REASON) THAT PUT THE PT @ RISK FOR INJURY
ALTERNATIVE METHODS AND ACTION THAT WERE USED BEFORE USING THE PROTECTIVE DEVICE
TEACHING PT & FAMILY
OBTAIN INFORMED CONSENT
DOCUMENT PERIODIC ASSESSMENTS
RECORD TIME WHEN DISCONTINUED
YOUR NAME