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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cause and Effect
A relationship between two or more variables in which one variable influences or explains the change in the other variables
When two or more variables change in value together in teh same or opposite direction
Dependent Variable
A variable whose value is believed to depend upon or to be caused by another variable.
Carefully designed and controlled attempts, usually conducted in a laboratory, to determine the effect of specific variables on a particular dependent variable or on the behavior or attitudes of the experiment's subject.
Field Research
The study of social life in its natural setting
A statement of the expected relationship between two or more variables
Independent Variable
A variable that causes or produces change in the value of another (dependent) variable
Negative Correlation
A relationship between two variables such that in the majority of cases, when one variable increases in value, the decreases in value.
To specify how the variable is to be measured.
Participant Observation
A research method in which the researcher systematically ovserves people while actually joining with them in their activities
Perfect Positive Correlation
A relationship between two variables such that they both change together and in teh same direction in all cases
The group of people to whom the results of research are applicable
Positive Correlation
A relationship between two variables such that they both change together in the same direction in the majority of cases
Qualitative Research
Research that emphasizes the uncovering of subjective meaning and ways eople interact in everyday life through the use of discriptive, rather than numerical, data
Quantitive Research
research that emphasizes the statistical analysis of numerical data
Random Sampling
Process by which each member of a population of interest has the same chance of being selected for participation in the study.
Consistency in the measurement of a variable over time; the quality of measurement of the variable that suggest that the same results and data would be collected in repeated observations.
Representative Sample
A subgroup of the population that accurately reflects the composition of the population as well as the distribution of important characteristics and attributes within the population
A subgroup of the population from which the researcher will collect data
Secondary Analysis of Existing Data
The use of data intially collected by other researchers to analyze a topic of interest.
The extent to which a measure actually measures what it is intended to measure.
Deductive Model
begins with a general theory or set of hypotheses and then moves on to the collection of appropriate data to test the theory or hypotheses
Inductive (grounded) Model
Begins with specific observations, upon which a theoretical account is then fashioned that accounts for and explains the observations and their meanings.