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24 Cards in this Set

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hunter-gatherers
people who wander through forests or over plains in small bands, hunting animals and gathering edible plants
lineage
a form of kinship group in which descent is traced through either the father's or the mother's line
patrilineage
a kinship group in which descent is through the father's line
matrilineage
a kinship group in which descent is through the mother's line
conjugal family
a kinship group comprising husband, wife, and children
extended family
a kinship group comprising the conjugal family plus any other relatives present in the household, such as a grandparent or uncle
stem family
a kinship group comprising parents plus one child who remains at home
polygyny
a form of polygamy in which a man is allowed to have more than one wife
polyandry
a form of polygamy in which a woman is allowed to have more than one husband
familial mode of production
a means of production in which the family produces nearly all its own food, makes most of its own clothes, and with the help of others, builds its own dwelling
labor market mode of production
a means of production in which people work for pay and thus produce less for their own use at home and buy and sell more on the market
American Indian
the name used for a subset of all Native Americans, namely, those who were living in the territory that later became the 48 contiguous United States
bridewealth
a custom in which a prospective bridegroom's family makes a gift of money or livestock to the bride's family
brideservice
a custom in which a prospective bridegroom agrees to work for a time for the bride's family
mestizo
a person whose ancestors include both Spanish settlers and Native Americans
compadrazgo
in Mexico, a godparent relationship in which a wealthy or influential person outside the kinship group is asked to become the compadre, or godparent, of a newborn child, particularly at its baptism
barrio
a segregated Mexican-American neighborhood in a US City
remittances
cash payments sent by immigrants to family members in their country of origin
1965 Immigration Act
act passed by the US Congress which ended restrictions that had blocked most Asian Immigration and substituted an annual quota
bilateral kinship
a system in which descent is reckoned through both the mother's and father's lines
baby boom
the large number of people born during the late 1940's and 1950's
birth cohort
all people born during a given year or period of years
cohabitation
the sharing of a household by unmarried persons who have a sexual relationship
life-course perspective
the study of changes in individuals' lives over time, and how those changes are related to historical events