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### 15 Cards in this Set

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 Pattern Recognition The stage of perception during which a stimulus is identified Template An unanalyzed pattern that is matched against alternative patterns by using the degrees of overlap as a measure of similarity Problems With Template Theory 1) The comparison requires that the template be in the same position & orientation & be the same size as the pattern you are trying to identify 2) Great variability of patterns 3) A template theory doesn't reveal how 2 patterns differ 4) Doesn't allow for alternative descriptions of a pattern Feature Theory Theory of pattern recognition that describes patterns in terms of their parts or features Structural Theory Specifies how the features of a pattern are joined to other features of the pattern (NOT Finished) Geons Different 3-Dimensional shapes that combine to form 3-D patterns Partial-Report Procedure A task in which observers are cued to report only certain items in a display of items Visual Information Store (VIS) A sensory store that maintains visual info for approximately 1/4 of a second Serial Processing Carrying out 1 operation at a time, such as pronouncing 1 word at a time Parallel Processing Carrying out more than 1 operation at a time, such as looking at an art exhibit & making conversation Word Superiority Effect The finding that accuracy in recognizing a letter is higher when the letter is in a word than when it appears alone or is in a nonword Excitatory Connection A reaction to positive evidence for a concept, as when the presence of a vertical line provides support for the possibility that a letter is a K Inhibitory Connection A reaction to negative evidence for a concept, as when the presence of a vertical line provides negative evidence that a letter is a C Parallel Distributed Processing When info is simultaneously collected from different sources & combined to reach a decision Neural Network Model Theory that uses a neural network as a metaphor in which concepts (nodes) are linked to other concepts through excitatory & inhibitory connections