Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/22

Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Amendment Process
changing Constitution - Proposing = 2/3 vote of both houses or by convention; ratifying = 3/4 pf state legislature or state conventions
Antifederalists
opponents of strong central govt, campaigned for Bill of Rights
bicameral
lawmaking body with 2 parts - Congress
Bill of Rights
list of individual rights/liberties - speech, religion, press
Checks/Balances
Power of executive, judicial, legislative to block actions of other branches
Constitution
Document saying what the government can/cannot do
Declaration of Independace
(1776) Thomas Jefferson - where colonists sought to protect their liberties from English tyranny, listed grievances.
Factions
group of people who seek to influence policy contrary to public good
Federalism
Political system where authority is shared between central/state/regional govt
Federalist Papers
85 essays by Madison, Hamilton, Hay - convinced New Yorkers to adopt Constitution
Federalists
supporters of stronger central govt, advocated ratification of constitution
Great Compromise
at Convention - small states dominate senate, large dominate House of Representatives
Judicial review
power of courts to declare acts of legislature/executive branch unconstitutional - null
Natural rights
rights that cannot be taken away by govt (Britain) in Delcaration of Independence
New Jersey Plan
proposition at Constitutional Convention that 1 state = 1 vote, proposed to AMEND articles of Confederation. States>National
Ratification
act of confirmation of Constitution by 12 states
Republic
democracy where representatives engage in competative struggle for vote
Seperation of powers
Constitutional authority shared by executive, judicial, legislative branch
Shay's rebellion
(1787) led by Shays to prevent foreclosures. Bolstered support for stronger central government
Virginia plan
Called for STRONG national govt, 3 branches. Vote in 1 house should be directly by people, other by state legislature. Vote by population
Unalianable
based on nature rather then preferences of people
Unicameral
legislative branch with one house