Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/61

Click to flip

61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Skin must be clean to prevent what
skin disorders
pressure ulcers
What promotes good health by protecting the body from infection & disease
Proper care of
skin
hair
teeth
nails
What are you responsible for maintaining when providing or assisting patients in hygiene practices
safety
privacy
warmth
When preforming hygiene, encourage pt to function how?
at their highest level of independence
Factors affecting hygiene
sociocultural background(most basic)
economic status(affects the pt hygiene d/t money for supplies my or may not be availble)
knowledge level
ability to perform self-care ( affected by mental & physical condition)
personal preference(prefer to bathe at night, while another may perfer to bathe every 2 days)
You assess your pt's ability to provide self-care by assessing what functions?
cognitve
physical
What other factors would you be looking for when assessing pt's self care?
poor vision
decreased sense of touch
limitations in ROM
coordiation
strength
balance adequate
NOTE: if they lack one of these, they may need total care or assistants in ADL's
pressure ulcer form from
local interference w/ circulation
NAME 3 BASIC PURPOSES FOR BATHING;
CLEANSE THE SKIN
PROMOTE COMFORT
STIMULATE CIRCULATION TO ALL AREAS OF THE BODY
REMOVE WASTE PRODUCTS SECREDTE THROUGH THE SKIN
DRAPING A PT DURING A BED BATH PREVENTS;
CHILLS
PROMOTES WARMTH
COMFORT
TYPES OF BATHS
COMPLETE OR PARTIAL BATH
THERAPUETIC OR CLEANSING
COMPLETE BATH MEANS WHAT
IS WHEN ALL AREAS OF THE PT'S BODY ARE WASHED
A PARTIAL BATH HAS TWO MEANINGS
- ONLY CERTAIN PARTS OF YOUR BODY ARE BATHED
-BATHED PARTIAL BY THE PT AND PARTIAL BY THE NS
WHAT ARE THE KEY POINTS OF BATHING A PT
MAINTAIN SAFETY
PROVIDE PRIVACY
PREVENT CHILS
ENCOURAGE INDEPENDENCE
THE MOST COMMON TYPE OF BED IS;
CLEANSING BATH
WHO ARE BED BATHS GIVEN TO
TO PT WHO ARE UNABLE TO USE A TUB OR SHOWER
BEFORE A BATH WHAT DO YOU OFFER
THE USE OF THE TOILET
WHAT ARE USED FOR A PT WHO IS WEAK OR NOT AMBULATORY DURING A BATH OR SHOWER
SHOWER CHAIR
BATH BENCH
GRAB BAR
WITH AN INDEPENDENT PT WHAT SHOULD BE IN REACH
CALL BELL
HOW OFTEN DO YOU CHECK THE INDEPENDENT PT WHO IN SHOWER OR BATHING
EVERY 5 MINS
A SHOWER OR BATH SHOULD NOT EXCEED WHAT
15 TO 20 MINS
TRUE OR FALSE
FOR ELDERLY PTS A FULL BATH IS REQUIRED DAILY
FALSE
BECAUSE OF DECREASED SWEAT & SEBACEOUS GLANDS
WHY WILL A BATH BE MORE LIKELY TO CHILL A ELDERLY PT
BECAUSE OF THINNER SKIN & DECREASED SUBCUTANEOUS FAT
WHAT ACTIONS WOULD YOU DO TO PREVENT THE ELDERLY PT TO BECOME CHILLY
PREWARM AREA
PROVIDE ADEQUATE DRAPING
WHEN DO YOU APPLY LOTION OR CREAMS TO A PT
IMMEDIATELY AFTER SHOWER OR BATH WHILE SKIN IS STILL DAMP
RATIONALE TRAPS ADDITIONAL MOSITURE
WHAT DOES THERAPUETIC BATH MEAN
HAVING HEALING OR MEDICATION QUALITIES
EG OF THERAPUETIC BATHS
WHIRLPOOL BATHS
SITZ BATH
WHIRLPOOLS ARE USED FOR
CLEANSE
STIMULATE CIRCULATION
PROVIDE COMFORT
STARCH OR OATMEAL BATHS ARE USED FOR
PTS W/ DERMATITIS
SITZ BATH APPLY WHAT
MOIST HEAT CLEAN THE PERINEAL OR ANAL AREA
SITZ BATH PROMOTES WHAT
HEALING
RELIEVES PAIN & DISCOMFORT
COOLING SPONGE BATH
BODY SOAKS
SITZ BATH ARE COMMONLY USED
AFTER BIRTH
AFTER VAGINAL OR RECTAL SURGERY
COOLING SPONGE BATH AKA
TEPID SPONGE BATH
BODY SOAKS ARE USED
TO CLEANSE OPEN WOUNDS OR APPLY MEDICATED SOLUTIONS TO AN AREA
AREA MOST OFTEN USED IS FEET AND LEGS
COOLING SPONGE BATH IS USED TO
BRING DOWN FEVER

PHYSICIAN ORDER IS NEEDED FOR THIS TYPE
MAJOR DISADVANTAGE OF USING BAG BATH IS
MORE COSTLY
WHEN DO YOU CHANGED THE BATH WATER
WHEN IT COOLS
BECOMES SOILED
A SOAP FILM DEVELOPS
WASHING DISTAL TO PROXIMAL PROMOTES;
CIRCULATION
FOR THE UNCIRCUMCISED MALE
RETRACT FORESKIN
IF A PT HAS A WEAK OR PARALYZED SIDE YOU DRESS WHAT SIDE FIRST
THE WEAK SIDE
TRUE OR FALSE
THE ELDERLY PT CAN USE THE SOAP ON ALTERNATE DAYS
TRUE
USE SOAP ONLY ON VISIBLY SOILED
MOUTH CARE PREVENTS;
HALITOSIS
DENTAL CARIES
ORAL HYGIENE PROMOTES?
BETTER APPETITE
MAINTAINS HEALTHY STATE OF GUMS, MOUTH. TEETH, LIPS
AFTER DENTAL CARE; WHAT WOULD YOU REPORT AFTER FLOSSING
ANY EXCESSIVE BLEEDING OF THE GUMS
FOR AN UNCONSCIOUS PT HOW OFTEN DO YOU DO DENTAL CARE

IF MOUTH BREATHING HOW OFTEN
8 HRS

4 HRS
HOW OFTEN DO YOU SWAB THE MOUTH OF A UNCONSCIOUS PT
Q 2 HRS
WHERE ARE DENTURES KEPT IF NOT IN MOUTH
IN A LABELED DENTURE CONTAINER CONTAINING WATER OR NORMAL SALINE
HAIR CARE CONSIST OF
BRUSHING,
COMBING,
SHAMPOOING,
SHAVING, &
MUSTACHE & BEARD CARE
BACK RUB; USE _____ PRESSURE ON THE ______STROKES TOWARD______ , _______PRESSURE ON _________STROKES
MORE
UP
HEAD
LESS
DOWN
WHEN PUTTING DENTURES BACK IN DO THE REVERSAL OF REMOVAL
LOWER DENTURES TILT SLIGHTLY AND PUSH UP
UPPER DENTURES TILT SLIGHTLY AND PUSH UP
IF A TANGLE IS SO MATTED UP CAN YOU CUT IT OUT
A WRITTEN INFORMED CONSENT IS NEEDED
ARE GLOVES REQUIRED TO SHAMPOO THE HAIR
YES IF PT HAS LESIONS, CUTS, INFESTATIONS OR DRIED BLOOD IN HAIR
CAN YOU SHAVE OFF A BEARD OR MUSTACHE
YES WITH A WRITTEN INFORMAL CONSENT
WHEN SHAVING WHAT REDUCES THE CHANCE OF A CUT
AN APPLICATION OF WARM WASHCLOTH,IT SOFTENS THE SKIN
PULLING THE SKIN TIGHT (TAUT)
SHORT DOWNWARD STROKES OF THE UPPER LIP AREA
YOU NEED A DR ORDER WHEN YOU CUT THE TOE NAILS FOR WHO
DIABETIC PT
CIRCULATORY DISEASE OF LOWER EXTREMETIES
WHEN IS NAIL POLISH REMOVED
AFTER SURGERY
DRUING TRACTION
PT IN A CAST
DETECT A FAILURE IN THE GENERAL SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
HOW LONG DO YOU SOAK THE EYELID
2 TO 3 MINS
WHAT DO YOU USE TO CLEAN PLASTIC LENS
SOFT CLOTH & CLEAN WARM WATER
TRUE OR FALSE
AN EYE THAT IS NOT IMPLANTED NEEDS TO BE REMOVED ON A DAILY BASIS FOR CLEANING
TRUE
TRUE OR FALSE
A DR ORDER NEED TO IRRIGATE THE EAR
TRUE
NAME 5 HEARING AIDS
BODY WORN
BEHIND THE EAR
ATTACHED TO THE EYEGLASSES
IN THE EAR
IN THE EAR CANAL