Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/33

Click to flip

33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
nl vision development requirements
1.clear retinal images
2.proper eye alignment
strabismus
misalignment of eyes
strabismus: often seen in...
1.down's
2.cp
3.hydrocephalus
4.brain tumors
5.ptosis
strabismus: dx tests
1.corneal light reflex
2.cover tests
"+" cover test = ?
strabismus
strabismus: most important consquence if untreated
amblyopia = reduced vision
strabismus: early intervention improves chance of regaining nl vision. true / false ?
true!
amblyopia: tx
1.corrective lens/glasses
2.remove visual opacities
3.occlude good eye
strabismus: beyond age x, tx is unlikely to be successful
age 8
most common cause of amblyopia
strabismus
leukoria
white pupil
leukoria: ddx?
1.Rb
2.cataracts
3.ROP
most common intraocular CA of childhood
retinoblastoma
Rb: untreated -> ?
death

due to brain & visceral mets
cataracts
opacities of crystalline lens
most common cause of leukoria
cataracts
ROP
retinopathy of prematurity

retinal vascular disease
Rb: Tx
1.enucleation (eye removal)
2.radiation & chemo / cryo
ROP: tx
most regress spontaneously
cataracts: Tx
surgery
leukoria: all cases require immediate opthalomo consult. true / false ?
true
dacryostenosis
congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction
chronic tearing
no conjunctival injection

dx?
nasolacrimal duct obstruction
nasolacrimal duct obstruction: tx
96% resolve by age 1

age 12-15 mos: probing
opthalmia neonatorum
conjunctivitis w/in age 1 month
eyelid edema
conjunctival hyperemia
ocular d/c

dx?
opthalmia neonatorum
corneal abrasions: tx
1.patch eye
2.topical abx

most heal w/in 24 hrs
pink eye due to HSV-1: contraindicated med
steroids!
corneal abrasions: dx
blue-filtered light
fluorescein dye
orbital cellulitis: medical emergency?
yes!
skin indurated, warm, tender around eye
sinus tenderness
sore throat
orbital cellulitis (medical emergency)
orbital cellulitis: tx
IV abx STAT
orbital cellulitis: complications
1.meningitis
2.brain abscess
3.cavernous sinus thrombosis