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29 Cards in this Set

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Enlightened absolutism
Embraced the principles of the Enlightenment, especially its emphasis upon rationality.
Madame de Pompadour
She was blamed for establishing France's alliance with Austria, which led to the Seven Years' War.
Landed gentry
Members of the upper class families with country estates often farmed on their behalf by others.
Pocket boroughs
A borough in England whose representation was controlled by a single person or family.
Pocket boroughs
A borough in England whose representation was controlled by a single person or family.
Hanoverians
The dynasty which ruled the United Kingdom from 1714 to 1901.
Robert Walpole
English politician who led the Whig administration and is regarded as Britain's first prime minister.
Duke of Newcastle
British Royalist commander in the English Civil Wars.
William Pitt the Elder
Directed Britain country's military effort during the Seven Years' War
Maria Theresa of Austria
Queen of Hungary and Bohemia whose reign was marked by the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War.
Catherine the Great
She vastly increased the territory of the Russia through conquest and three partitions of Poland.
Emelian Ivanovich Pugachev
Russian peasant leader, head of the peasant rebellion of 1773–74.
Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji
Peace treaty signed by Catherine II.
Pragmatic Sanction
Designed to ensure that the Austrian throne would be inherited by Emperor Charles VI's daughter, Maria Theresa.
Silesia
Passed to the Austrian Habsburgs in 1526; it was taken by Prussia in 1742.
Count Wenzel von Kaunitz
He represented Austria at the 1748 Aix-la-Chapelle peace conference and was ambassador to Paris.
Robert Clive
His reorganizing of Bengal helped establish Britain's power in India.
Treaty of Paris
Together with the treaty of Hubertusburg, This treaty terminated the Seven Years War.
Primogeniture
The right of the eldest child, especially the eldest son, to inherit the entire estate of one or both parents.
Open-field system
Crop system with each field containing a different crop as part of a three field crop rotation.
Jethro Tull
He perfected a horse-drawn seed drill that economically sowed seeds in neat rows.
Enclosure
The process of conversion of common land to private ownership.
Agricultural revolution
Included the reallocation of land ownership to make farms more compact and increased technical improvements.
John Law
He founded the Banque Générale, which was authorized to issue notes.
"Putting-out" system
Work was contracted by a central agent to subcontractors who completed the work in their own facility
Richard Arkwright
British inventor and manufacturer who patented a machine for spinning cotton thread.
Georgian style
Design and decorative arts of Britain during the reigns of the first four Georges.
The "Grand Tour"
A tour of the major European cities, considered essential to a well-bred man's education.
Patrician oligarchies
Government by land-owning men.