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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Abraham
The person chosen by God to teach the religion in which there is only one god
Judaism
the first monotheistic religion, founded by Abraham, and whose followers are called Jews
Jesus
According to the Christians, he is the Messiah
Christanity
a religion that developed out of Judaism and was based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Muhammad
founder of Islam whom Muslims believe to be God's prophet
Islam
a religion that teaches that there is one god and Muhammad is his prophet
Muslim
a follower of Islam
Qur'an or Koran
the sacred text of Islam
Five Pilars of Islam
the most important teachings of Muhammad
Caliph
rulers of the Muslim community from 632 to 1924
Theocracy
a government ruled by a religious leader
Ottoman Empire
Muslim empire in Europe, early 1400s to the 1920s
Constantinople
capital of the Ottoman Empire; is in modern day Istanbul, Turkey
Suleiman I
ruler of Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566
Janisssaries
military group who grew powerful in the Ottoman Empire
Sultan Mehmed VI
fought on the losing side in World War I, endiing the Ottoman Empire
Oasis
a fertile area in a desert
Petroleum
a thick, yellowish-black oil that is the source of gasoline, paraffin and kerosene
Mesopotamia
an ancient region of Southwest Asia located in modern-day Iraq
Silt
particles of earth and rock that build up in rivers or streams
Exile
forced removal from one's own country
Disciple
a follower of the teachings of another
Messiah
a savior that Jews believe will come some day, and that Christians believe has already come through Jesus Christ
Mecca
the holiest city in Islam
Caliphate
the Islamic empire ruled by a caliph