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16 Cards in this Set

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carbohydrate
an organic compound that is the body's main source of energy
photosynthesis
the carbon dioxide comes from the air and water is taken up by a plants roots.
glucose
basic sugar molecule from which all other carbohydrates are built.
hydroxyl group
a combination of hydrogen and oxygen, containing one atom of each element.
saccharide
a sugar or a substance made from sugar.
caramelization
the browning reaction that can occur with any kind of sugar.
sugarsaturated
contains more dissolved solute than it would normally had at that temperature.
polymer
a large molecule formed when small molecules of the same kind chain together.
amylose
molecules are linear, they're long and narrlow like a line.
amylopectin
have multiple branches.
hydrolysis
splitting of a compound into smaller parts by the addition of water.
hormone
a chemical messenger that affects a specific organ or tissue, and brings forth a specific response.
inversion
when sucrose is hydrolyzed by acid and heat, rather than water.
gelatinization
hydrogen bonds form between starch and water molecules, causing starch granules to absorb water and swell.
refrogradation
the amylose molecule shifts and orient themselves in crystalline regions, which forms a somewhat gritty texture in the mixture.
syneresis
water leaks from the gel as it ages.