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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
acculturation
exchange of cultural features that results when gprs. come into continuous firsthand contact;

the cultrl patterns of either or both grps. may be changed, but the GRPS. REMAIN DISTINCT
core values
key, basic, or central values that integrate a culture and help dist. it from otrs
cultural relativism
pos'n th/values adn standards of cultures differ and deserve respect.

extreme relativism argues th/cultures should be judged solely by their own standards.
cultural rights
doctrine th/certain rights are vested in identifiable grps., such as religious and ethnic minorities and indigenous societies.

cultural rights include a grp.'s ability to:
--preserve culture
--raise its children in the ways of its forbears
--continue its language
--not to be deprived of its economic base by the nation-state in which it is located
diffusion
borrowing of cultrl traits bet. societies, ethier directly or thru intermediaries
enculturation
social process by wh/culture is learned and transmitted across the generations
ethnocentrism
tendency to view one's own culture as best and to judge the bhvr and beliefs of culturally diff. ppl by one's own standards
generality
culture pattern or trait that exists in some but not all societies
globalization
accelerating interdependence of nations in a world system linked economically and thru mass media and modern transportatn systems
human rights
doctrine that invokes a realm of JUSTICE AND MORALITY BEYOND AND SUPERIOR TO PARICULAR COUNTRIES, CULTURES, AND RELIGIONS.

human rights, usually seen as vested in indiv.s, wld incl. the rt. to:
--speak freely
--hold religious blfs w/o persecutn
--not to be murdered, injured, enslaved, or imprisoned w/o charge.
independent intervention
devel. of the same cultrl trait or pattern in separate cultures as a result of comparable needs, circumstances, and solutions.

(cultural analog of convergent evolution)
international culture
culturl traditns that extend beyond national boundaries
IPR
Intellectual Property Rights, consisting of ea. society's cultrl base--its core blfs and principles.

IPR are claimed as a grp. right--a cultural right, allowing indigenous grps. to ctrl who may know and use their collectiv knowledge and its applicatns
national culture
cultrl experiences, blfs, lrnd bhvr patterns, and values shared by citizens of the same nation.
particularity
distinctive or unique culture trait, pattern, or integration
subcultures
diff. cultrl traditns assoc. w/subgrps. in the same complex society.
symbol
something, verbal or nonverbal, th/arbitrarily and by conventn stands for sthg else, with wh/it has no necessary or natural connxn
universal
describes sthg that exists in every culture