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15 Cards in this Set

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taxonomy
field of biology that identifies and classifies organisms
kingdom
broadest, most general group into which all organisms are divided into
Classification system
kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
PLANT KINGDOM DIVIDED INTO
divisions (3)
MONERA
(bacteria!!!) unicellular, prokaryotic, most hetertrophic, but some are autotrophic
prokaryotic
"before-nucleus"= no organized nucleus (have dna, but no membrane)
PROTISTA
unicellular and multicellular eukaryotes. autotrophs and hetertrophs, examples are algae and amebas
eukaryotic
"true-nucleus" = have an organized nucleus and nuclear membrane
FUNGI
most are multicellular, some are unicellular. eukaryotes, heterotrophs who obtain nutrients through absorption (include molds, mildews, mushrooms, and yeasts)
PLANTAE
multicellular, autotrophic eukaryotes. (mosses, ferns, cone-bearing plants, flowering plants)
ANAMALIA
multicellular, eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms
6 KINGDOM SYSTEM
splits monerans into eubacteria and archaebacteria
*eu= newer bacterias
achae= older, more ancient and rare *
BINOMIAL NOMENCLATURE
2 part naming system
PHYLOGENETIC TREE
shows evolutionary relationshiops among organisms
DICHOTOMOUS KEY
tool used for classifying organisms (litst traits and 2 contrasting options)