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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
insertion of normal genes into human cells to correct genetic disorders
gene therapy
genetic map that shows the location of genes on a chromosome
linkage map
approxiamately 601 000 000 genes on the 46 human chromosomes
human genome
genetically identical copies
clone
rejoining of DNA fragments
gene splicing
small ring of DNA found in a bacterial cell
plasmid
bacterial DNA
vector
bacterial proteins that have the ability to cut both strands of the DNA molecule at a specific necleotide sequence
restriction enzyme
contain foreign DNA
transgenic organism
made by connecting or recombining fragments of DNA from different sources
recombiant DNA
much faster/reliable method for increasing the frequency of a specific allele in a population
genetic engineering
cross of an individual of unknown genotype with an individual of known genotype
test cross
mating between closely related individuals
inbreeding