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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Manifest destiny
John O'Sullivan coined this phrase to express a belief among Americans that God intended the U.S. to expand westward.
Tejanos
Native Mexicans of Texas who stood little chance of blocking an invasion.
Empresarios
People who agreed to recruit and take responsibility for new settlers.
Stephen F. Austin
Established a colony on the gulf coast of Texas in 1821.
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Established dictatorial control over the Mexican government, which was upsetting.
Texas Revolution
When isolated clashes with the Mexican military quickly grew into a full-scale rebellion.
Sam Houston
Led a force of nearly 900 rebels, surprise attacking Santa Anna's troops.
Battle of San Jacinto
Where the Texans killed some 630 Mexican troops and took Santa Anna prisoner.
Juan Seguin
A Tejano figure in the Texas Revolution who endured discrimination suffering firsthand.
James K. Polk
Opposed Henry Clay in the 1844 presidential election.
Zachary Taylor
General who was ordered to move into disputed regions.
John Slidell
A Louisiana lawyer and politician who was sent to Mexico City to negotiate with Mexico.
Stephen Kearny
General who led an army to occupy Santa Fe and and seized control of New Mexico.
John C. Fremont
U.S. army officer and explorer who had headed an expedition into California in 1845.
Bear Flag Revolt
On June 14, settlers declared that California was an independent republic and raised a flag with the image of a grizzly bear on it. The flag gave the uprising its name.
Winfield Scott
Led some 10,000 U.S. soldiers to capture a fortified castle in the city of Veracruz on the Gulf of Mexico in March 1847.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War.
Mexican Cession
The Mexicans gave up all claims to Texas and surrendered this vast territory.
Gadsden Purchase
The U.S. acquired parts of the present-day states of Arizona and New Mexico.
Juan Cordina
A member of a prominent Tejano family in South Texas, who headed such rebellions.
William Becknell
One of the merchants who looked to Mexico for new markets.
Santa Fe Trail
A 780-mile-long trail that followed west.
Mountain men
Fur trappers.
William Ashley
Developed the rendezvous system.
Rendezvous system
A method of doing business.
Oregon Trail
Route that followed the Platte river across the Great Plains and to the rockies.
Narcissa Prentiss Whitman
One of the early Protestant missionaries in Oregon Country.
Marcus Whitman
Fellow missionary and Narcissa Prentiss' husband.
Donner party
Broke off from the Oregon trail to head to California.
Treaty of Fort Laramie
Was produced by an 1851 meeting that was held near present-day Laramie, Wyoming.
Brigham Young
Led thousands of Mormans to migrate to the Mexican territory of Utah in 1847.
Californios
First Spanish settlers whose descendants were known as these.
John Augustus Sutter
A Swiss adventurer who acquired a huge land grant from Mexico in 1839.
James W. Marshall
Detected flakes of heavy yellow metal at the bottom of a wooden canal used to divert water from the American rivers.
Forty-Niners
Migrants were called this because in 1849, they traveled to California through the mountain passes of the California Trail.
California Trail
Trail that forked off the Oregon Trail near the southernmost point on the Snake River.