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15 Cards in this Set

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Applied Psychology
The branch of psychology concerned with everyday, practical problems.
Empiricism
The premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation.
Behavior
Any overt (observable) response or activity by an organism.
Culture
The widely shared customs, beliefs, values, norms, institutions, and other products of a community that are transmitted socially across generations.
Theory
A system of interrelated ideas that is used to explain a set of observations.
Introspection
Careful, systematic observation of one's own conscious experience.
Ethnocentrism
The tendency to view one's own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways.
Confounding Variables
A condition that exists whenever 2 variables are linked together in a way that makes it difficult to sort out their independent effects.
Correlation
fThe extent to which two variables are related to each other.
Correlation Coefficient
A numerical index of the degree of relationship between two variables.
Descriptive Statistics
Statistics that are used to organize and summarize data.
Experimenter Bias
A phenomenon that occurs when a researcher's expectations or preferences about the outcome of a study influence the results obtained.
Extraneous Variables
Any variables other than the independent variable that seem likely to influence the dependent variable in a specific study.
Inferential Statistics
Statistics that are used to interpret data and draw conclusions.
Operational Definition
A definition that describes the actions or operations that will be made to measure or control a variable.