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14 Cards in this Set

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13.Who was Wunt? Why was he important?
he est the first laboratory, did research, and asked questions about components of experience and the mind. Introspect a nd cange in stimuli.
14.When was the discipline of psychology as a science established?
it was est. in the late 1800 eraly 1900's.
15.What did the early psychologists (late 1800’s, early 1900’s) study and why?
they studied nature of human thought and action. nature of human behavior.
16.Who was Galton?
Est the measreing of human intellegence and how hereditary influenced human ability
17.What did Galton think was important in human intelligence?
heredity= sucess and eminence
18.Who was Alfred Binet?
French psychologist who published the first modern intelligence test, the Binet-Simon intelligence scale,
19.Who developed the first useful IQ test?
Alfred Binet, Theodore Simon
20.Who was John Watson?
American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism, after doing research on animal behavior. He is known for having claimed that he could take any 12 healthy infants and, by applying behavioral techniques, create whatever kind of person he desired.
21.Who was Hermann Ebbinghaus?
pioneer studies of memory, memorized material nonsense material
22.Who was Carl Rogers?
an influential American psychologist, who, along with Abraham Maslow, was the founder of the humanist approach to clinical psychology. He was also instrumental in the development of non-directive psychotherapy, which he initially termed Client-centered therapy.
23.Who was William James?
pioneering American psychologist and philosopher. He wrote influential books on the young science of psychology, educational psychology, psychology of religious experience and mysticism, and the philosophy of pragmatism.
24.Who was Sigmund Freud?
Freud is best known for his theories of the unconscious mind, especially involving the mechanism of repression; his redefinition of sexual desire as mobile and directed towards a wide variety of objects; and his therapeutic technique, especially his understanding of transference in the therapeutic relationship and the presumed value of dreams as sources of insight into unconscious
25.Who was the founder of behaviorism?
John Watson, is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that behavior can be studied and explained scientifically without recourse to internal mental states
26.Who were Calkins and Washburn?
Created a technique to analyze memory management.
First woman to become the president of American Psychological Association in 1905. and First woman to get a PHD in psychology.
Wrote 'The Animal Mind', which assisted in the emergence of behaviorism.