Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/32

Click to flip

32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
activational role of hormones
The process through which changes in hormone levels, especially at puberty, stimulate changes in the adolescent's behavior, appearance, or growth.
adolescent growth spurt
The dramatic increase in height and weight that occurs during puberty.
adolescent health care
A new field of study and health care devoted to understanding the health care needs of individuals during the second decade of life.
adrenarche
The maturation of the adrenal glands that takes place in preadolescence.
androgens
A class of sex hormones secreted by the gonads, found in both sexes, but in higher levels among males than among females following puberty.
anorexia
An eating disorder found chiefly among young women, characterized by dramatic and severe self-induced weight loss.
asynchronicity of growth
The fact that different parts of the body grow at different rates at puberty, which sometimes results in the appearance of gawkiness or awkwardness during early adolescence.
basal metabolism rate
The minimal amount of energy used by the body during a resting state.
bulimia
An eating disorder found chiefly among young women, characterized primarily by a pattern of binge eating and self-induced vomiting.
cross-sectional study
A study that compares two or more groups of individuals at one point in time
delayed phase preference
A pattern of sleep characterized by later sleep and wake times, which often emerges during puberty.
disordered eating
Mild, moderate, or severe disturbance in eating habits and attitudes.
endocrine system
The system of the body that produces, circulates, and regulates hormones.
estrogens
A class of sex hormones secreted by the gonads, found in both sexes but in higher levels among females than among males following puberty.
feedback loop
A cycle through which two or more bodily functions respond to and regulate each other, such as that formed by the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and the gonads.
glands
Organs that stimulate particular parts of the body to respond in specific ways to particular hormones.
gonads
he glands that secrete sex hormones: in males, the testes; in females, the ovaries.
hormones
Highly specialized substances secreted by one or more endocrine glands.
HPG (hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal) axis
The neuropsychological pathway that involves the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and gonads.
hypothalamus
A part of the lower brain stem that controls the functioning of the pituitary gland.
leptin
A protein produced by fat cells that may play a role in the onset of puberty.
menarche
he time of first menstruation, one of the important changes to occur among females during puberty.
organizational role of hormones
The process through which early exposure to hormones, especially prenatally, organizes the brain or other organs in anticipation of later changes in behavior or patterns of growth.
peak height velocity
The point at which the adolescent is growing most rapidly.
pheromones
A class of chemicals secreted by animals that stimulate certain behaviors in other members of the species.
pituitary gland
One of the chief glands responsible for regulating levels of hormones in the body.
puberty
The biological changes of adolescence.
school-based health centers
A relatively new approach to the delivery of health care services to adolescents, which places health care providers in offices located in or adjacent to schools.
secondary sex characteristics
The manifestations of sexual maturation at puberty, including the development of breasts, the growth of facial and body hair, and changes in the voice.
secular trend
The tendency, over the past two centuries, for individuals to be larger in stature and to reach puberty earlier, primarily because of improvements in health and nutrition.
set point
A physiological level or setting (of a specific hormone, for example) that the body attempts to maintain through a self-regulating system.
Tanner stages
A widely used system to describe the five stages of pubertal development.