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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of U.S. (1781-1788). no power to levy/collect taxes, regualte interstate commerce, foreign policies, couldn;t coin moneycouldn;t form an army, to ammend Constitution: unanimous vote of Congress. weak central govt.
Northwest Posts
England maintained posts on Canadian border for control of fur trade.
trade posts...brit
Western Land Cession 1781
MA demanded that U.S. govt have control over all western lands. land = public domain. MA held out ratification of Articles.
land = public domain
Land ORdinance 1785
U.S. govt would sell/auction western lands for a min $1 per acre. profit pay off national debt. 36 one-sq mi sections
36 one-sq mi sections
Shay's Rebellion 1786
back country farmers in rebellion b/c ppl losing their farms due to mortgage foreclosures. demanded cheaper paper money, lighter taxes, suspension of foreclosures. troops break up mob. Articles of Confed can;t control the economy -> revise to Constitution
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
area north of Ohio divided into 3-5 territories. territory coulsd have gov, secretary, 3 judges, and a legislature inhabited by 5,000 white males. territory could apply for statehood if it had 60,000 white males.
3-5 territories.
Philidelphia Convention 1787
delegates from all states, except Georgia, discuss Art of Confed. new Constitution. (represented upper class, strong central govt)
Alexander Hamilton
powerful central govt. "Federalist Papers" 1st secretary of Treasury 1789. 1st bank of US
James Madison
"father of Constitution"
el pa
Virginia plan
written by Madison. establishment of a national govt. bicameral legislature, membership proportionate to population
Virginia= big state
New Jersey Plan
counterproposal to Virginia. enlarged power of Congress include right to levy taxes, regulate commerce. equal representation
NJ = small state
Great Compromise
b/t NJ and VA. bicameral legislature: House of Rep- rep based on state pop. Senate- 2 rep from each state. money bills start in HOuse
electoral college
ppl vote for electors who chose 2 best ppl for pres
3/5 Comp
b/t north and south. "slaves were to be counted as direct taxation and rep in House" South: slaves = ppl for pop but property in taxes.
The Bill of Rights
1st 10 ammendments to Constitution. inalienable rights of men
wealthy, educated, property owning, strong federal central govt, supported Const. planters/,merchants. Hamillton = leader. "loose interpretatio"
Jefferson. strong state govt. oppose ratification of Const. Bill of R = victory
Loose Construction
Hamilton. Congress should use Elastic Clause to establish govt programs. established national bank
Strict Construction
Jefferson. Elastic Clause can't be used to create US bank. against giving Congress more power than directly stated in Const.
US Const 1789
establish rights and liberties of americans. legislative, judicail, and executive branch. checks and balances. power b/t fed govt and states.