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8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
To whom are executive branch officials accountable?
Citizens, public interest groups, legislative and judicial branches, creditors and the media.
In what ways might organizational structure detract from or inhibit accountability?
Confusing structure makes it hard to determine who is responsible for safeguarding assets and resources and achieving program results. It can also inhibit the effective flow of information.
How does each phase of the management cycle contribute to accountability requirements?
Planning-Priorities are identified; managers are responsible for responding to changing priorities and meeting goals that emerge from the planning process.

Programming-Resources are linked to specific goals. Managers are responsible for ensuring that resources are directed to the appropriate objectives.

Budgeting-Managers are responsible for upholding budgetary integrity and not spending beyond appropriated authority in terms of purpose, time and amount.

Operations-Managers must implement internal controls to safeguard assets and ensure objectives are met. Performance data is collected.

Accounting-Managers must create and adhere to accounting structures that help to ensure resources are tracked and expended properly.

Reporting-Managers compile and issue reports that help demonstrate accountability and achievement of goals.

Auditing-Managers provide external assessment of accountability; managers are accountable for fixing problems identified during audit.
The Congress creates a new national commission and the president appoints memebers of the commission. To whom do the commissioners owe direct or primary accountability, and to whom do they owe indirect but ultimate accountability?
a. President (direct/primary)
b. Legislative oversight bodies (direct/primary)
c. Citizens (indirect/ ultimate)
d. Board chariman (direct/primary)
c. Citizens (indirect/ultimate)
For which of the following is the legislature least accountable to voters?
a. Appropriating budget by start of fiscal period.
b. Establishing priorities that reflect citizen needs
c. Conducting oversight activities
d. Effective implementation of programs
d. Effective implementation of programs
Which goal is less likely to be achieved through an evaluation study?
a. Determine whether program officials execute actions that are appropriate to program goals.
b. Determine whether processes and procedures of the program need to be modified
c. Determine whether the goals the program is pursuing are appropriate.
d. Determine whether service efforts and accomplishments result in cost-efficient outcomes
c. Determine whether the goals the program is pursuing are appropriate.
What is the major purpose of the GPRA?
a. Ensure financial and accounting systems meet minimum performance requirements.
b. Require audited financial statements from major executive branch departments
c. Require strategic plans, goals, and performance reports from executive agencies
d. Define duties, responsibilities, and reporting requirements of the agency chief financial officer
c. Require strategic plans, goals, and performance reports from executive agencies
What are some techniques through which government officials demonstrate accountability?
Auditied financial reports; performance reports, oversight hearings, answering questions from the media and citizen groups; ultimately by standing for election.