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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Thalamus
Sensory pathways (except olfactory)
Speech Production
Left frontal lobe/frontal cortex of Left hemisphere/Broca's area
Sympathetic Nervous System
anxious & increased heart rate
Dopamine
Amphetamines increase. Incraesed = Schizophrenia, Tourette's. Decreased = depression, Parkinson's.
Nystagmus
Involuntary jerky eye movement.
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Decreased = Alzheimer's Dementia. Most directly involved w/voluntary muscle movement. Related to sleep cycle.
Sleep/Wake Cycle
Regulated by the reticular formation.
Cerebal Palsy
Most common cause is trauma @ birth.
Extrapyramidal Motor System
- Substantia Nigra
- Cerebellum
- Basal Ganglia
ADHD
Frontal Lobe & Prefrontal
Limbic System
- Hippocampus (memory)
Reticular Activation System (RAS)
"REM" - controls sleep & arousal & attn
Conduction Aphasia
Affects connection b. Wernicke's area & Broca's area.
Seizures (ictal)
Due to abnormal electrical activity.
Partial (simple vs complex) or Generalized.
Generalized Seizures
Bilateral. Not focal.
Grand vs Petit
Tonic-clonic vs Absence (no motor movement, blank stare)
Migraines
Throbbing, exacerbated by lifting or bending over.

Classic (includes aura) or Common.
Social Phobia
Dopamine & serotonin.
Implicit Memory
Basal Ganglia. Cerebellum. Ventral Thalamus.
Explicit memory
Mamillary bodies. Medial Thalamus.
Parietal Lobe
Somatosensory Cortex. Cutaneous sensation (touch, temp, pain).
ACh -- Side Effects
Anticholinergic effects:
dry mouth
blurred vision
hypotension
tachycardia
sedation
Beta Blockers -- Side Effects
fatigue
sexual dysfunction
bradycardia
Norepinephrine
Decreased amount = depression. Tricyclics increase amount.