Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Average age of marriage for men and women
26.7 and 25.1
Percentage of adults eventually marrying
Peter Stein’s Types of single hood
Voluntary temporary, voluntary permanent, involuntary temporary and involuntary permanent
Voluntary temporary singles
-never married
-previously married and now divorced or widowed
-not opposed to marriage, just not currently looking for a mate bc not priority
-may delay marriage to pursue education or career goals
Voluntary permanent singles
-choose deliberately to be single/unmarried permanently
-include never-marrieds, those divorced and no intention of remarrying
-cohabiting individuals, gay and lesbian couples, priests and nuns
Involuntary temporary singles
-singles who want to be married and seeking mate
-never married, previously married, divorced, widowed
-single never married parents
Involuntary permanent singles
-singles who wanted to marry but didn’t find a mate
-never married, divorced or widowed individuals
-come to accept unmarried status
Never-married singles
-not married, may or may not live alone, and may have intimate partner
Percentages of white men/women single
26% and 19%
Percentage of black men/women single
40% and 38%
Social and emotional characteristics
-never married man tend to experience poorer health and higher rates of suicide than married men
-never married women tend to better organize and manage their lives than unmarried men
-young unmarried men and women are typically well educated and have high-status careers and jobs. 82% of all never-marrieds have a high school diploma and 23% have at least a bachelor’s degree
-later in life, never married women are more likely to be economically disadvantaged than older, married women
Urban tribe
-refers to mixed-gender circles of friends who are the primary social support system for singles
Divorce rate
Between 40 and 50%
Reasons to wed
-companionship, desire to have children, desire to be happy, desire for financial security/money, convenience/the partner as a “habit”, dependence on the other, fear of contracting HIV/AIDS
Pair bond
Two people emotionally bonded to one another, characterizes the couple’s union. Ultimately provides a new identity for a couple and subsequent roles they will play in their marriage and society at large
Brown’s 5 specific social dimensions of marriage
1. Marriage as an organizer of natural desires
-sex drives, urges to bear children, security needs
2. Marriage as a social good
-healthy marriages and families are essential to healthy, productive society
-collectivist needs of society put before individualistic
3. Marriage as a communicative reality
4. Marriage as sacrament and covenant
5. Marriage as a legal contract
Covenant marriage agreements
Legally binding contracts between marriage partners that spell out conditions under which couples can divorce or separate
Each spouse can take on tasks and concentrate on those things they do well
Instrumental support
Husband and wife both boost the well-being, productivity, and career of their spouse
Allows men to mature, more likely to find a job and think toward future
Employers tend to pay married men and women at a higher rate
conjugal role
culturally defined, culturally assigned set of behaviors (like behaviors related to housekeeping, childrearing, and work outside the home) each spouse is expected to carry out
managing the house and the money
(3 primary factors)
1. gender socialization
2. abilities and expertise
3. power and control
partnering with someone who is dissimilar to you in one or more dimensions, such as race, ethnic and religious backgrounds, age, political ideology, socioeconomic status, and values systems and beliefs
interracial couple
partners are of different races
term used in mid 1800s to describe the "mixed race" offspring produced by interracial couples
factors that affect those who intermarry
1. opportunities for social contacts
2. educational attainment
3. immigration status
4. region of residence
interfaith marriage
when people of different religious faiths marry
intrafaith marriages
marriages in which individuals adhere to the same religion but may have different beliefs or follow different traditions within that faith
premarital couple typologies
1. vitalized couples
2. harmonious couples
3. traditional couples
4. conflicted couples
vitalized couples
-high levels of overall relationship satisfaction
-high levels of comfort self-disclosing and sharing feelings
-high levels of satisfaction expressing affection and sexuality
-emphasis on religion
-egalitarian (equal) roles
harmonious couples
-unrealistic views of marriage
-moderate levels of relationship satisfaction
-relative satisfaction with a partner's personality
-the ability to resolve conflict and feel comfortable with their levels of self-disclosure
-lack of emphasis on religion
traditional couples (premarital)
-moderate levels of relationship dissatisfaction
-strength in decision making and planning
-realistic views of marriage
-a bit of dissatisfaction with a partner's personality and habits
-unlikelihood of cohabiting before marriage
conflicted couples
-dissatisfaction with a partner's personality
-communication problems
-difficulties in participating in joint activities
-difficulty relating to a partner's family and friends
-difficulty in their sexual relationship
couple types
1. traditional couple (married)
2. independents
3. separates
4. mixed
traditional couple (married)
adhere to conventional beliefs about marriage

-interdependent on relationship and prefer to be less independent and self-sufficient

-emphasis on self-disclosing and sharing
value closeness, companionship sharing, and self disclosure

-not as conventional in beliefs about marriage

-lower levels of satisfaction than traditional
less willing to relinquish their autonomy than those in traditional and independent

-lower levels of self disclosure and sharing thus psychological distance
spouses differ in marital types. one spouse may have expectations and characteristics of a traditional couple but other has individual cou-ple type
relational expectancies
key factors in marital satisfaction and longevity of their marriage
social expectations model
developed by mary levitt

illustrates how spouses' expectations of marital relationships are based on past relationship interactions with the spouse