Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/60

Click to flip

60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bone dry
Very dry clay; ready for firing.
Carving
Areas of design cut into the surface of a ceramic piece with a sharp tool.
Ceramic
The art and science of forming objects from earthy material containing silica with the aid of high-heat treatment.
Clay
A plastic body consisting of fine particles of decomposed granite or other feldspathic rock.
Foot
The base of a ceramic piece
Greenware
Clay that has not been fired.
Grog
Ground bisqued clay that is added to a clay body to reduce shrinkage and warping and to add texture.
Leather-hard
The slightly flexible yet firm condition clay reaches after partially drying. Leather-hard ware is damp enough to be joined to other pieces with slip.
Mishima
Incised designs on greenware that are filled with a slip of a different color.
Pottery
Ceramic objects made from clay and hardened by heat.
Raku
A pottery method developed in Japan that utilizes high-fire heavily grogged clay, low fire glazes and a rapid firing and cooling process
Plasticity
The property of a material enabling it to be shaped and to hold its shape.
Relief
The projection of figures and forms from aflat surface so that they stand wholly or partly free.
Scoring
To scratch a moist piece of clay with a sharp tool before joining it to another piece of clay.
Sgraffito
A decorating technique in which a sharp tool is used to scratch through slip or glaze to expose the clay body.
Shrinkage
Contraction of the clay in either drying or firing.
Slip
Clay mixed with water to about the consistency of thick cream
Slip trailing
A method by which slip is trailed over a leather hard piece of clay in much the same as decorating a cake.
Stamped patterns
Designs that are carved, pressed or incised in soft clay, bisque fired and used to create repetitive patterns on a ceramic surface.
Stoneware
A clay body generally fired to a temperature between 2150 F and 2350 F, at which the clay body vitrifies
Texture
The surface quality of any object.
Throwing
To make pottery by hand on a potter’s wheel.
Warping
Distortion of a pot in drying because of uneven wall thickness
Wedging
Keading the clay like kneading bread.
Earthenware
Low-fire pottery with a porous body usually fired under 2000 F.
Incising
Linear decoration cut into the surface of a ceramic piece with a sharp tool.
Engobe
White or colored slip used to decorate clay ware.
Bisque
Unglazed ware that has been fired once.
Brushing
Glazing pottery by brushing or painting glaze on a bisqued surface.
Cones
Small slender triangles of ceramic material that bend or melt at specific kiln temperatures. Their bending indicates that the clay and glazes have been fired to maturity.
Dipping
A method of glazing where the pot is immersed in a large quantity of glaze.
Dry-footed ware
Pottery without glaze on the foot, enabling it to be fired without sticking to the kiln shelf.
Firing
The process of heating clay ware to specific temperatures in a kiln.
Fuse
To melt under the action of heat.
Glaze
A glass-like coating that fuses to the clay body in firing. It waterproofs the piece and can be decorative.
Glaze firing
The second firing in which the kiln is fired to the temperature at which the glaze matures.
Gloss glaze
A bright shiny glaze.
Kiln
A furnace in which pottery pieces are fired.
Kiln furniture
Shelves and posts on which ceramic pieces
are placed when they are fired in the kiln.
Kiln wash
A protective coating painted onto kiln shelves and floors to allow for easy removal of glaze drippings.
Matt glaze
A dull-surfaced glaze with no gloss
Maturity
The temperature or time at which clay ware becomes hard enough to have reached the point of complete fusion
Opaque Glaze
The opposite of transparent
Oxides
Metallic chemicals used for adding color to glazes, slips and clay bodies.
Peephole
An opening in the kiln wall or door for viewing the progression of the cones during the firing cycle.
Pin holes
Small holes in the glaze due to bursting of blisters or gases.
Pouring
Glazing pottery by pouring glaze over or inside the piece to be glazed.
Refractory
Having resistance to melting or fusion. Refractory clays such as kiln shelves can withstand high temperature without melting
Spraying
Glazing pottery by spraying glaze on pottery using a spray gun.
Stack
To load a kiln with pottery.
Pin holes
Small holes in the glaze due to bursting of blisters or gases
Posts
Pillars of refractory material used to support kiln shelves during firing.
Pouring
Glazing pottery by pouring glaze over or inside the piece to be glazed.
Refractory
Having resistance to melting or fusion. Refractory clays such as kiln shelves can withstand high temperature without melting.
Spraying
Glazing pottery by spraying glaze on pottery using a spray gun
Stack
To load a kiln with pottery.
Stain
A prepared ceramic colorant or diluted coloring oxides used to produce a color.
Stilts
Refractory pieces used to support ware during a glaze firing. Stilts hold ware about the kiln shelves to prevent melting glaze from sticking the ware to the shelf
Transparent glaze
A clear glaze which reveals the clay body beneath it.
Wax resist
A decorative technique that has the property of repelling anything that is placed over it.