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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
who coined the word "cell"
HOOKE
organelles only in animal cells
CENTRIOLES?, SMALL VACUOLE
the basic unit of structure and function of living things
CELL
said plants are made of cells
SCHLEIDEN
said animals are made of cells
SCHWANN
organelles only in plant cells
PLASTIDS (including CHLOROPLAST), LARGE VACUOLE, CELL WALL
examples of eukaryotes
PLANTS, ANIMALS, FUNGI
examples of prokaryotes
BACTERIA
who looked at cork from an oak
HOOKE
cellular structures that are membrane-bound
ORGANELLES
2 basic types of cells
PROKARYOTES AND EUKARYOTES
cells that do not have organelles
PROKARYOTES
cells with organelles
EUKARYOTES
3 statements of the cell theory
1. all living things are made of cells
2. cells are the basic structure and function of living things
3. living cells only come from other living cells
said all living cells come from other living cells
VIRCHOW
built the first microscope
VON LEEUWENHOEK
control center of the cell
NUCLEUS
used for storage in plants
PLASTIDS
thin solid fibers of the cytoskeleton
MICROTUBULES
long tangled strands of DNA
chromatin
flexible boundary between the cell and its environment
CELL MEMBRANE or PLASMA MEMBRANE
additional inflexible structure surrounding the cell membrane of plants
CELL WALL
clear gel-like fluid surrounding organelles
CYTOPLASM
green pigment in plants
CHLOROPHYLL
provides support for organelles
CYTOSKELETON
where food molecules are broken down to form energy
MITOCHONDRIA
whiplike projection used for locomotion
FLAGELLA
receives proteins and lipids from the ER for distribution to the cell membrane and organelles
GOLGI APPARATUS
short hairlike projections used for locomotion
CILIA
makes ribosomes
NUCLEOLUS
where the nucleolus is found
IN NUCLEUS
makes proteins
RIBOSOMES
where ribosomes are found
in CYTOPLASM(free) or on ER (attached)
thin hollow cylinders found in the cytoskeleton
MICROTUBULES
stores food, water and waste
VACUOLE
transforms light energy into usable chemical energy
CHLOROPLAST
contains digestive enzymes to breakdown old cell parts
LYSOSOMES
site of lipid synthesis and the delivery system
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (ER)
ER with ribosomes
ROUGH ER
ER without ribosomes
SMOOTH ER